Jordan Guide

Jordan Guide

Jordan – country information

Country name Jordan
Official name Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital Amman
Continent Asia
Area 89,342 km2
Population 6,558,900 (2014)
Foundation of a state 25/05/1946
The highest mountains Jabal Ram 1754 m
Longest rivers Jordan (part) 320 km
State system constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Amman (capital) 1,350,000, Zarká 580,000, Irbid 405,000
Official language Arabic
Ethnicity/National Composition Arabs 99.2% (Palestinians 55%), Circassians 0.5%, Armenians 0.1%, Turks 0.1%, Kurds 0.1%
Religious affiliation Sunni Muslims 93.5%, Christians 4.5%, others 2%
Currency 1 Jordanian dinar (JOD) = 1000 fils
gross domestic product (GDP) US$5,977 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 78.40 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 7%, mining 4%, industry 5.5%, construction 5.5%, services 65.5%

Jordan – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Iraq Baghdad 438,317 km2 34,035,000
Israel Jerusalem 22,145 km2 8,146,300
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 2,149,690 km2 29,994,272
Syria Damascus 185,180 km2 21,898,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Jordan borders Israel to the west, Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, and Saudi Arabia to the east and south; a short (26 km) stretch of coastline in the Gulf of Aqaba gives it access to the Red Sea. Until the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Jordan owned part of the area west of the Jordan River, known as the West Bank, which includes Jerusalem’s Old City. The King of Jordan officially renounced his claim to this territory in 1988. Therefore, the following data on the area of ​​the territory and the number of inhabitants are lower than those given, for example, by the UN (97,740 km 2 and 5.2 million inhabitants).

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 1

Total area: 89,342 km²

Land area: 88,802 km²

Water area: 540 km²

Length of the state border: 1,635 km

Bordering countries:
Iraq: 181 km
Israel: 238 km
Saudi Arabia: 744 km
Syria: 375 km
West Bank: 97 km

Coastline: 26 km

Capital: Amman

Regions: 12
Ajlun, Al ‘Aqabah, Al Balqa’, Al Karak, Al Mafraq, ‘Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa’, Irbid, Jarash, Ma’an, Madaba

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 962 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m


Population: approx. 7.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 3.8% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 88

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 76 (female)

Official language: Arabic


  • 97% Muslim
  • 3% other


Most of the country has a Mediterranean climate.

In summer it is hot during the day (sometimes over 40 ° C) and dry, with many hours of sunshine. During the night it cools down to more comfortable temperatures.

In the desert areas it can get very cold at night.

During the winter months, the thermometer rarely shows more than 15 ° C. Rainfalls occur frequently during this time.


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