Italy Guide

Italy Guide

Country data

Location: Southern Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 301,340 km²

Land area: 294,140 km²

Water area: 7,200 km²

Length of the state border: 1,836 km

Bordering countries:
France: 476 km
Austria: 404 km
San Marino: 37 km
Switzerland: 698 km
Slovenia: 218 km
Vatican City: 3 km

Coastline: 7,600 km

Capital: Rome

Regions: 20
Abruzzi, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte, Puglia, Sardegna, Sicilia, Toscana, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, Valle d ‘ Aosta, Veneto

Electricity: 120, 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 39 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mont Blanc 4,748 m


Population: approx. 61.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 205

Life expectancy: 79 (male), 85 (female)

Official language: Italian


  • 80% Christian
  • 20% other


In the Alps it is cold all year round (even in summer). The temperature between day and night fluctuates considerably. In the higher regions there is permanent snow.

The southern parts of the country are warmer and drier. In the summer months from June to August it can get very hot due to the Mediterranean climate.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: Yes, EC card (PIN number) or credit cards.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 cigarillos or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Behavioral advice

Pickpockets are increasing in the areas that are frequently visited by tourists. In particular, trick fraud is quite common.

Therefore, always keep your money and valuables hidden on your body.


Tourism is one of the largest economic indicators in Italy.

Italy is one of the leading producers of wine, olives and olive oil. A lot of fruit is grown on large plantations, much Bordering countries is exported.

Industries: chemistry, vehicle construction, mechanical engineering, metal processing, textiles, tourism

Natural resources: natural gas, fish, farmland

Land use:

  • Usable land: 31%
  • Grain cultivation: 10%
  • Pasture area: 15%
  • Forests: 23%
  • other: 21%


Due to its location on the Mediterranean Sea, many different tree species find a suitable habitat in Italy. These include, for example, date, fig, almond, olive, orange and lemon trees, which are very common.

At low altitudes there are often oak and chestnut trees, while in the higher mountains there are mostly fir forests.

Due to the high level of agricultural exploitation (especially in the north) there is hardly anything left of the original vegetation in many regions of Italy.

The afforestation of trees and plants is an attempt to give the native animal species living in the wild a new habitat.


Although Italy is far behind in the animal diversity of Europe, there are still many different animal species, especially in the Alpine region. Brown bears, foxes, chamois, hares, red deer, ibexes, wild boars and wolves live here.

Due to its location, Italy serves as a transit country for many migratory birds. You can often see buzzards, hawks, vultures, partridges and quails.

The rich fish stocks in the coastal region of the Mediterranean Sea (sharks, tuna, swordfish,…) are threatened by the strong algae growth.

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