Israel Guide

Israel Guide

Israel – information about the country

Country name Israel
Official name State of Israel
Capital Jerusalem
Continent Asia
Area 22,145 km2
Population 8,146,300 (2014)
Foundation of a state 5/14/1948
The highest mountains Mount Meron 1208 m
Longest rivers Jordan (part) 420 km
State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Jerusalem (capital) 620,000, Tel Aviv-Yafo 390,000 (conurbation 1,750,000), Haifa 275,000
Official language Hebrew, Arabic
Ethnicity/National Composition Jews 81.8%, Arabs and others 18.2%
Religious affiliation Jews 81.5%, Muslims 14.4%, Christians 2.3%, Druze 1.6%, others 0.2%
Currency 1 Israeli new shekel (ILS) = 100 agoro
gross domestic product (GDP) US$33,878 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 79.46 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 3%, mining and industry 22%, construction 5.5%, services 69.5%

Israel – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Egypt Cairo 980,869 km2 86,127,000
Jordan Amman 89,342 km2 6,558,900
Lebanon Beirut 10,400 km2 4,822,000
Syria Damascus 185,180 km2 21,898,000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the small, densely populated state of Israel was established in 1948 as a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Scattered around the world for many centuries, the historical ties of the population go back more than 3000 years. However, Jewish territorial claims clash with the demands of the Palestinian Arabs, whose settlement is also very old.

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 1

Total area: 20,770 km²

Land area: 20,330 km²

Water area: 440 km²

Length of the state border: 1,068 km

Bordering countries
fall to: Egypt: 208 km
Gaza Strip: 59 km
Jordan: 307 km
Lebanon: 81 km
Syria: 83 km
West Bank: 330 km

Coastline: 273 km

Capital: Jerusalem

Districts: 6
Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 972 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m


Population: approx. 7.8 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.5% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 376

Life expectancy: 79 (male), 84 (female)

Official language: Hebrew, Arabic


  • 75% Jewish
  • 17% Muslim
  • 2% Christians
  • 6% other


The winters are mild and the summers are hot. Precipitation occurs primarily in the coastal areas and in the winter months.

About half of the country consists of steppe and desert areas.

With mean temperatures of 6-15 ° C, it is coldest in January, while July and August are the warmest months with 22-33 ° C.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: New Israeli Shekel (ILS)

Classification: 1 Shekel = 100 Agorot

ATMs: In the larger cities at the ATMs of the banks Hapoalim and United Mizrahi.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a large number of hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. There is an obligation to declare.

Since the exchange rate loss is very high when exchanging the local currency, you should only change the amount of money you actually need.

Money may only be exchanged in authorized agencies.

Unused local currency can be exchanged at Ben Gurion Airport up to a value of up to 500 US dollars. The exchange receipts must be presented for this.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 250 cigarettes or 250 g of other tobacco products
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There is an import ban for:

  • Meat
  • fruit and vegetables
  • plants
  • pornographic newspapers
  • Drugs of all kinds

For all medications you should have an English-language certificate from your doctor stating that it is necessary to take them.

Travel advice

It is not advisable to stay in the immediate border area with Syria and Lebanon.

Driving along the Israeli-Egyptian border should be avoided.

The internal situation is extremely critical. Suicide and assassinations are frequent, especially near the border with the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Shootings and acts of violence are also the order of the day.

Behavioral advice

One should be careful when photographing and filming, especially with regard to military objects.


Since its founding in 1948, the nation-state of the Jews has had to constantly defend itself against its hostile neighbors. This makes it particularly difficult for the economy.

Since 1997, Israel is no longer considered a developing country, but an industrialized state.

Industries: chemistry, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles, tourism

Natural resources: natural gas, ores, copper, phosphates

Land use:

  • Land: 17%
  • Grain cultivation: 4%
  • Pasture area: 7%
  • Forests: 6%
  • other: 66%


The entire south is occupied by the Negev desert. The coastal areas are flat and extensive. There are only a few mountains inland.

Many fruits and flowers are grown in the cultivated areas.


Although the habitat is not very cheap, there are many species of animals. Eagles, vultures and snakes live in the desert area.

The fauna in the Red Sea is very exotic and diverse.

Comments are closed.