Ireland Guide

Ireland Guide

Ireland – country information

Country name Ireland
Capital Dublin
Continent Europe
Area 70,273 km2
Population 4,593,100 (2013)
Foundation of a state 6/12/1921
gross domestic product (GDP) US$40,716 (2012)

Ireland – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Great Britain London 242,900 km2 63,705,000

According to Abbreviationfinder, Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a country in north-western Europe consisting of 26 of the 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

Country data

Location: Western Europe

Time zone: CET – 1

Total area: 70,273 km²

Land area: 68,883 km²

Water area: 1,390 km²

Length of the state border: 443 km

Bordering countries: Great Britain: 443 km

Coastline: 1,448 km

Capital: Dublin

Counties: 31
Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal, Galway, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, South Dublin, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 353 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m


Population: approx. 4.8 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 68

Life expectancy: 78 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: Irish, English


  • 85% Roman Catholic
  • 15% other


The warm Gulf Stream is mainly responsible for the temperate Irish climate. This makes it cool in summer and warm in winter by European standards.

July and August are the warmest summer months with temperatures around 15 ° C. In winter the temperatures drop to 3 ° C.

It rains about 200 days a year. However, snow only falls in the higher mountain regions.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Ireland.


The very high unemployment rate is severely slowing the economic upturn. With the help of funding from the European Union, attempts are being made to build an industry in the technical field.

Industries: chemistry, natural gas extraction, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: barium, natural gas, limestone, copper, silver, peat, zinc

Land use:

  • Land: 13%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 68%
  • Forests: 5%
  • other: 14%


For nature lovers, the green island is an insider tip among all travelers. With the natural landscapes and clear air, you will find the most beautiful hiking opportunities in Europe here.

The many flat plains and small mountains are mostly home to pastures, meadows, bog areas and lakes. The coast is rich in fjords, with several offshore islands.

Otherwise Ireland is relatively poor in plants and tree species.


Only a few animal species live on land. Mainly small vertebrates and various types of insects can be found.

On the other hand, the bird world is more diverse. In addition to the native animals, a large number of migratory birds can also be observed here every year.

For fans of fishing, the waters of Ireland are actually ideal, as there are still a large number of fish of various species.

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