Iraq Guide

Iraq Guide

Iraq – country information

Country name Iraq
Official name Republic of Iraq
Capital Baghdad
Continent Asia
Area 438,317 km2
Population 34,035,000 (2012)
Foundation of a state 3/10/1932
The highest mountains Kúhe Hádží Ebráhím 3609 m
Longest rivers Euphrates 2720 km (in the country 935 km), Tigris 1950 km (in the country 1600 km)
State system a multi-party republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Baghdad (Capital) 4,950,000, Basra 840,000, Mosul 775,000
Official language Arabic
Ethnicity/National Composition Arabs 78%, Kurds 19%, Turkmen 1.2%, Iranians 0.6%, Assyrians 0.5%, others 0.7%
Religious affiliation Shia Muslims 62%, Sunni Muslims 33%, Christians 3.5%, others 1%
Currency 1 Iraqi dinar (IQD) = 200 dirhams = 1000 fils
gross domestic product (GDP) US$7,004 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 69.01 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 20%, mining 11.5%, industry 11.5%, construction 8%, services 49%

Iraq – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Iran Tehran 1,648,200 km2 77,288,000
Jordan Amman 89,342 km2 6,558,900
Kuwait Kuwait 17,818 km2 3,065,850
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 2,149,690 km2 29,994,272
Syria Damascus 185,180 km2 21,898,000
Turkey Ankara 783,562 km2 76,667,864

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder,Iraq is strategically located in the middle of the Middle East and has short access to the Persian Gulf. It borders Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east.

Iraq is a state in the Middle East. Shared borders in the southeast with Kuwait, in the east with Iran, in the south with Saudi Arabia, in the west with Jordan and Syria, in the north with Turkey. The capital is Baghdad. The official language is Arabic, Kurdish.

The climate is continental. The temperature in winter is +7*С, in summer +34*С.

In the Middle East, in the Mesopotamian lowland, in the valley of the flowing rivers Tigris and Euphrates, the state of Iraq is located. In the southeastern part, it is washed by the Persian Gulf. Winters are cool, summers are hot and dry.

Resorts and attractions of Iraq

Many years ago, in the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, a great civilization was born. Modern Iraq belongs to the territory of ancient Mesopotamia, which in Greek means “between two rivers.” It was in these places that man first began to cultivate the land, it was here that writing was invented, and the nations of the Assyrians, Babylonians and Sumerians made Iraq the center of the ancient world.

The history of this country is connected with bloody wars and the constant division of the country’s territory. Possessing huge oil reserves, the country, due to endless conflicts, cannot realize its huge economic potential. Perhaps tourists would willingly visit this place if it were not for the difficult military situation in the region. Until recently, a war raged in Iraq, which, among other things, destroyed the country’s tourism infrastructure. Now there is no war and despite the still high level of danger, tourism is reviving.

What is so attractive about Iraq. Everyone knows the names of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers , the ancient city of Babylon is familiar. And the capital of Iraq – the thousand-year-old city of Baghdad appears in many fairy tales and legends.

Baghdad is one of the largest population centers in the Middle East. Its territory stretches for many kilometers along the Tigris River, located in close proximity to the mouth of the Diyala River. The city is the cultural, political and economic center of Iraq. In addition, it is the most important transport hub of the country.

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time CET + 1)

Total area: 438,317 km²

Land area: 437,367 km²

Water area: 950 km²

Length of the state border: 3,809 km

Bordering countries:
Iran: 1,599 km
Jordan: 179 km
Kuwait: 254 km
Saudi Arabia: 811 km
Syria: 599 km
Turkey: 367 km

Coastline: 58 km

Capital: Baghdad

Provinces: 18
Al Anbar, Al Basrah, Al Muthanna, Al Qadisiyah, An Najaf, Arbil, As Sulaymaniyah, At Ta’mim, Babil, Baghdad, Dahuk, Dhi Qar, Diyala, Karbala, Maysan, Ninawa, Salah ad Din, Wasit

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 964 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Cheekha Dar 3,611 m


Population: approx. 32.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 74

Life expectancy: 70 (male), 73 (female)

Official language: Arabic, Kurdish


  • 99% Muslim
  • 1% other


The summer months are always very hot and very dry with daytime temperatures of around 35-40 ° C.

In contrast to the European climate, the winter months are also quite warm (around 20 ° C).

There is very little rain all year round.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Iraqi Dinar (IQD)

Division: 1 dinar = 1,000 fils (no longer in circulation)

ATMs: are not available.

International credit cards: Accepted in some larger hotels.

Regulations: The national currency may be imported and exported up to an amount of 25 IQD.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import. There is an obligation to declare all amounts of money.

The import of Israeli currency is prohibited.

As a foreign currency, it is only recommended to bring US dollars in small denominations. In many shops you can also use it to pay directly.

Customs regulations

We currently do not have any reliable customs information for Iraq.

Travel advice

The Federal Foreign Office has issued a general travel warning for Iraq!

All Germans are asked to leave Iraq and avoid the border regions of neighboring countries with Iraq.

The embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Iraq is not functional. Help in emergencies and other support cannot therefore be given.

Assistance from state security agencies is rarely the case and in no way does it offer adequate protection.

Behavioral advice

Government buildings and military installations may not be photographed.

Eating and drinking in public is prohibited during the month of fasting.


The export of petroleum is the country’s main source of income.

Most of the natural resources are also exported for foreign exchange.

Industries: natural gas and oil production, food production, textiles

Natural resources: lead, natural gas, petroleum, copper, phosphates, sulfur, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 12%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 9%
  • Forests: 0%
  • other: 79%


Reed plants and some not so demanding tree species grow in the hot climate.

Otherwise there are only a few types of grass and smaller shrubs.


Antelopes, ospreys, hyenas, jackals and many reptiles are mainly to be found.

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