Iran Guide

Iran Guide

Iran – country information

Country name Iran
Official name Islamic Republic of Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Area 1,648,200 km2
Population 77,288,000 (2014)
Foundation of a state 1/4/1979
The highest mountains Demávend 5671 m
Longest rivers Karun 850 km
State system an Islamic republic with a one-party system and a unicameral parliament, a de facto theocratic republic
The biggest cities Tehran (capital) 8,250,000, Mashhad 2,150,000, Isfahan 1,350,000
Official language Persian (Farsi)
Ethnicity/National Composition Persians 49%, Azerbaijanis 18%, Kurds 9%, Gilans 5%, Lurs 4%, Mazenderans 3.5%, Baluchs 2%, Arabs 2%, others 7.5%
Religious affiliation Shia Muslims 91%, Sunni Muslims 7.5%, Christians 0.5%, Jews 0.3%, other 0.7%
Currency 1 Iranian Rial (IRR) = 100 dinars
gross domestic product (GDP) US$12,986 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 70.26 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 23.5%, mining 8.5%, industry 17%, construction 4%, services 47%

Iran – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Afghanistan Kabul 652,090 km2 25,500,100
Armenia Yerevan 29,800 km2 3,017,400
Azerbaijan Baku 86,600 km2 9,477,100
Iraq Baghdad 438,317 km2 34,035,000
Pakistan Islamabad 796,095 km2 185,914,000
Turkey Ankara 783,562 km2 76,667,864
Turkmenistan Ashgabat 488,100 km2 5,240,000

Country overview

Iran, a mountainous country in southwest Asia on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is the largest country in the Middle East by population. It borders 7 countries. 700 km is on the coast of the Caspian Sea in the north and 1830 km on the coast of the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. The country was home to the ancient Persian Empire, whose cultural heritage dates back 5,000 years.

According to Abbreviationfinder,Iran. Persia (Aryan country) is a state in southwestern Asia. The capital is Tehran. Iran is an Islamic state where Islamic laws apply.

Common borders with Azerbaijan and Armenia in the northwest, with Turkmenistan in the northeast, with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the east, with Turkey and Iraq in the west.

The climate on the coast of the Caspian Sea is subtropical.

There is one fact – the majority of Russians are afraid of the words traveling to Iran. Someone confuses Iran with Iraq, someone remembers the scandalous president. Someone talks about the Islamist regime in this country, a regime that 100% scares everyone. These are the thoughts that come to the majority of potential guests of Iran. And they don’t go there. But Iran is a country with an ancient and colorful history, colorful customs and original traditions.

Resorts and attractions of Iran

In ancient times, it was a very powerful country called Persia and Iran determined its territory from ancient times. Persia has preserved its great past and brought the history of the ancient state to the present day so that we can enjoy its splendor. It was on this earth that Eden was located. One of the oldest religions was also born here – Zoroastrianism, which practiced polygamy and harems.

Most of Iran has a subtropical continental climate, but subtropical prevails along the coast of the Caspian Sea.

Iranian capital ancient Tehran with a population of over 16 million people. To say that Tehran is big is to say nothing. It’s just huge! Most of the old buildings are no higher than three floors, but there are also modern skyscrapers, for example, the Borje Milad tower built in 2003, 435 m high.

Country data

Location: Middle East

Time zone: CET + 2.5 (during summer time CET + 1.5)

Total area: 1,648,195 km²

Land area: 1,531,595 km²

Water area: 116,600 km²

Length of the state border: 5,894 km

Bordering countries:
Afghanistan: 921 km
Armenia: 44 km
Azerbaijan: 689 km
Iraq: 1,599 km
Pakistan: 959 km
Turkey: 534 km
Turkmenistan: 1,148 km

Coastline: 2,440 km

Capital: Tehran

Provinces: 31
Alborz, Ardabil, Azarbayjan-e Gharbi, Azarbayjan-e Sharqi, Bushehr, Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari, Esfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamadan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khorasan-e Jonubi, Khorasan-e Jonubi, Khorasan-e Jonubi Razavi, Khorasan-e Shomali, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh va Bowyer Ahmad, Kordestan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Semnan, Sistan va Baluchestan, Tehran, Yazd, Zanjan

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 98 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m


Population: approx. 80.8 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 49

Life expectancy: 69 (male), 73 (female)

Official language: Persian


  • 99% Muslim
  • 1% other


There is a dry desert climate. It is often very hot, especially in the lower regions, with temperatures of up to 40 ° C. The temperatures fluctuate considerably between day and night.

In the higher regions, the climate is somewhat more moderate and easier to bear.

Precipitation increases from east to west.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Iranian Rial (IRR)

Division: 1 rial = 100 dinars

ATMs: are not available.

International credit cards: Very few large hotels and shops accept them.

Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. There is an obligation to declare all foreign currencies and precious metals.

The local currency can be imported and exported up to 500,000 IRR.

The Israeli currency is not allowed to be imported into Iran.

When leaving the country, all exchange receipts often have to be presented.

Cash payments are common throughout the country. You should therefore carry a sufficient amount of foreign currency (US dollars, euros) with you.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 200 g tobacco
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Alcohol, drugs of all kinds, products made from schnapps and pornographic magazines are not allowed to be imported into Iran.

Valuable goods and electrical appliances must be declared so that they can be exported again.

Travel advice

There is a high risk when traveling in the area of ​​the Turkish and Iraqi border regions.

In the border regions to Afghanistan and Pakistan, freedom of movement is severely restricted and there are very many people and security checks.

Large crowds or demonstrations should be avoided across the country.

Behavioral advice

In the Muslim country there are very strict clothing regulations that must be observed.

Possession and consumption of alcohol are severely punished.

Possession and trafficking in drugs and drug-like substances is punishable by death.


The state name of the oil country Iran comes from the Persian Arian, which means -land of the Aryans-.

Large parts of the economy are geared towards oil. However, a lot of effort is being made to develop alternative industries.

In particular, agriculture, the textile industry and the production of cement and building materials are promoted.

Industries: petroleum, food production, textiles

Natural resources: iron ores, natural gas, petroleum, copper

Land use:

  • Usable land: 10%
  • Grain cultivation: 1%
  • Pasture area: 27%
  • Forests: 7%
  • other: 55%


The country’s forests consist mainly of deciduous trees.

The flora is particularly pronounced in the west, as there is more rain here than in other parts of the country.

Few shrubs and bushes grow in the desert areas.


Bears, falcons, pheasants, leopards, gulls and snakes still live in the higher regions and in the country’s green spaces.

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