According to topschoolsintheusa, the archaeological activity in Iran in recent years has been strongly influenced by two political events of great international importance: the Islamic revolution of 1978-79 and the Iran-῾Irāq war which broke out in 1980. These two events have profoundly changed, in the country, the same ” ideological ” nature of cultural activity, in which the archaeological aspect obviously could not have had a particular attention. Nevertheless, if the excavation activity of the numerous foreign archaeological missions already operating in Iran before the revolution can be considered completely suspended, the
It is interesting to note that in the last 15 years, despite the low activity in the field, the number of studies related to Iran ancient, from prehistoric times to the Islamic era. A notable impulse was in fact addressed to research in the field of climatological history and in that of landscape history in general; the most widely discussed topics were, for the prehistoric periods, the Pleistocene and the ancient Holocene in the Zagros range, the climatic changes in the post-glacial period and, for the Neolithic period, the study of the forms of biological adaptation of the species animals especially in Iran south-central or south-west.
For the age of metals, a constant line of research has been the analysis and comparison between the urban development of the plateau and that of the Indus valley, together with the study of the first forms of food production in the 4th and 3rd centuries. Millennium. A particular focus of interest, especially on the part of American scholars, was the study of the contribution made by pastoral nomadism, in peripheral areas, to the development of urban civilization. The study of the extraction and processing of minerals such as chlorite or semi-precious stones such as carnelian and alabaster in Iran Protohistoric was, on the other hand, a research topic of Italian and French scholars.
The first rudiments of traces of writing in Susa and the trade relations between southern Turkmenia, the Iran Northern Mesopotamia and Mesopotamia formed the basis for investigations of a new disciplinary nature, such as the ethno-archeological ones mainly concentrated in Iran central-western. The study and analysis of state formation mechanisms on the one hand and of the constitution of different political entities on the other has occupied a considerable space in the scientific commitment of American, French, Italian and Soviet archaeologists, even if each school has operated from different methodological perspectives. The main object of these works was that particular social, economic and cultural relationship between so-called ” central areas ” and ” peripheral areas ”
For the historical periods, the numerous studies made on the famous bronzes of the Lūristān, object, among other things, also of some recent exhibitions in Europe, on the Elamite period and again on the relationship between Elamite culture, Sumerian civilization and Indus civilization should not be neglected..
In the last decade, particular interest has been directed to the study of the pre-Achaemenid period, which until recently was completely neglected or erroneously analyzed. This period, on the other hand, reveals itself more and more as central to the understanding of the historical, socio-economic dynamics, etc., which led to the constitution of the Achaemenid empire. A strong historiographic conditioning (both ancient and modern) had overestimated the ” imperial ” dimension of the Middle Ages which, on the other hand, in the light of the archaeological documentation appears rather as a particular moment in the state development of the plateau without letting socio-economic complexities shine through imperial type. The Urartian period on the one hand and the Scythian-Cimmerian period on the other were also they are of particular interest. Equal attention has been paid to the Persian art of the Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid periods, with numerous articles that can be easily found in specialized magazines.