India – Country Information
|Official name||Republic of India|
|Foundation of a state||8/15/1947|
|The highest mountains||Kangchendzönga 8598 m, Nandá Déví 7816 m|
|Longest rivers||Ganga 2510 km, Brahmaputra 2900 km (inland 900 km)|
|State system||a pluralistic federal republic with a bicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Mumbai 13,500,000, Calcutta 11,800,000, Delhi (Capital) 9,100,000|
|Official language||Hindi, English|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Hindi-speaking Hindustani 39%, Telugu 8%, Bengali 7.6%, Marathi 7.3%, Tamil 6.6%, Urdu-speaking Hindustani 5.2%, Gujarati 4.9%, Kannada 3.9%, Malayalam 3.8%, Urians 3.4%, Punjabis 2.7%, Assamese 1.6%, others 6.2%|
|Religious affiliation||Hindu 83.5%, Muslim 11%, Christian 2%, Sikh 2%, Buddhist 0.7%, Jain 0.5%, other 0.3%|
|Currency||1 Indian rupee (Re, pl. Rs) = 100 paise|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$3,843 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||64.71 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 31%, mining 2.3%, industry 21%, construction 5.7%, services 40%|
India – Neighboring States
|Burma (Myanmar)||Naypyidaw||676,578 km2||53,259,000|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Republic of India occupies the largest part of the Indian subcontinent and covers an area as large as a third of Europe. The mighty mountain ranges of the Himalayas in the north separate it like a wall from the rest of Asia. The Indian peninsula is washed by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south and the Bay of Bengal to the east.
Location: South Asia
Time zone: CET + 4.5 (during summer time: CET + 3.5)
Total area: 3,287,263 km²
Land area: 2,973,193 km²
Water area: 314,070 km²
Length of the state border: 13,888 km
Bangladesh: 4,142 km
Bhutan: 659 km
China: 2,659 km
Myanmar: 1,468 km
Nepal: 1,770 km
Pakistan: 3,190 km
Coastline: 7,000 km
Capital: New Delhi
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 91 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
Population: approx. 1.236 billion residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 1.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 376
Life expectancy: 67 (male), 69 (female)
Official language: Hindi, English
- 80% Hindu
- 13% Muslim
- 2% Christians
- 5% other
The climate varies a lot, depending on the region. In the north there are moderate climates to tropical areas in the south.
It’s hottest in the second quarter of the year. This is followed by the rainy season from July to September. This often leads to flooding, especially in coastal areas.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: rupee (INR)
Classification: 1 rupee = 100 paises <
ATMs: Can be used with credit cards in many large cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many larger hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. A declaration is required from an amount of around 5,000 US dollars.
You should keep all exchange receipts until you leave the country. The import and export of the local currency is prohibited.
The import of gold coins and bars is prohibited!
Violations of financial or customs regulations lead to arrest on departure!
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 0.9 liters of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
All items that have a high value must be declared on entry in a corresponding form. This form must be kept until departure.
Protected animals and plants, as well as pornographic material of all kinds, may not be imported into India.
In November 2016, the previous 500 and 1000 rupee banknotes were taken out of circulation. New bills will continue to be issued. In rural regions in particular, there are still isolated bottlenecks in the supply of cash.
The border region to Pakistan and rural areas of the Kashmir region should be avoided when traveling.
Serious terrorist attacks have recently occurred in various parts of the country. You should be very alert, especially when there are large gatherings of people.
Possession and trafficking in all kinds of drugs are severely punished. Life imprisonment is common even for the smallest amounts.
The extremely rapid population growth is the country’s main problem, which makes the severe poverty and poor agriculture worse.
Over two thirds of the population are employed in agriculture, in small businesses. The food grown is mostly used for self-sufficiency.
In the last few years, the technology and computer industries in particular have developed further in large cities.
Industries: mining, chemistry, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles
Natural resources: diamonds, natural gas, iron ores, coal, farmland
- Land: 56%
- Grain cultivation: 1%
- Pasture area: 4%
- Forests: 23%
- other: 16%
In the north of the country the Himalayan mountains dominate. In the west there are deserts and in the south a highland that flattens out towards the Ganges.
Almost nothing is left of the natural flora. Most of the land has been converted for agricultural use.
There are many monkeys, elephants, cows (which are sacred) and peacocks in India. The protection of animals is already anchored in the widespread Buddhist belief.