Iceland Guide

Iceland Guide

Country data

Location: Northern Europe

Time zone: CET – 1 (CET – 2 applies during European summer time)

Total area: 103,000 km²

Land area: 100,250 km²

Water area: 2,750 km²

Length of the state border: 0 km

Coastline: 4,970 km

Capital: Reykjavík

Regions: 8
Austurland, Hofudhborgarsvaedhi, Nordhurland Eystra, Nordhurland Vestra, Sudhurland, Sudhurnes, Vestfirdhir, Vesturland

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 354 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Zugspitze Hvannadalshnukur 2,110 m

map

Population

Population: approx. 320,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.6% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 3

Life expectancy: 79 (male), 84 (female)

Official language: Icelandic

Religions:

  • 76% Evangelical Lutheran
  • 3% Roman Catholic
  • 21% other

Climate

The oceanic climate brings mild and windy winters. The summer months are usually cold and humid.

The average temperature in the capital is around 10 ° C in summer and around 0 ° C in winter.

Due to the high northern location, the sun shines almost 24 hours a day. The sun only sets for about 2 hours at night for a short time each year.

Iceland

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Icelandic krona (ISK)

Classification: 1 crown = 100 aurars

ATMs: Plenty of them available in almost all cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages

Tobacco products from 16 years / alcoholic beverages from 20 years)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Meat, meat products, eggs, milk and poultry products are not allowed to enter Iceland.

Pets are quarantined for 4 weeks upon entry.

Behavioral advice

In the subpolar climatic zone there are always sudden changes in weather and temperature drops. You should adjust your clothing and equipment accordingly.

Economy

Although there are only a few different industries, the standard of living (also in European comparison) is very high.

The main source of income is fishing and the fish processing industry, which is the most important branch of industry.

Industries: aluminum smelting, fishing, tourism

Natural resources: geothermal energy, fish, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 0%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 23%
  • Forests: 1%
  • other: 76%

Plants

The scattered plateaus have many mountains, some Bordering countries are covered with ice. The coast is severely cut by many indentations and fjords.

With around 30 active volcanoes and over 700 hot springs, the island is one of the most active areas on earth.

As a result, however, many areas consist of wasteland on which no plants grow. The few meadows are used for cattle breeding. There are very few trees.

Animals

The ptarmigan and the arctic fox are particularly common. There are also some farm animals that are kept (e.g. horses, cattle, sheep).

In the sea around Iceland there are not only small fish species but also seals, harbor seals and whale.

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