Hungary – country information
|Official name||Republic of Hungary|
|Foundation of a state||1. 1. 1001|
|The highest mountains||Kékes 1,015 m|
|Longest rivers||Duna 2850 km (429 km in the country), Tisza 967 km (577 km in the country)|
|The largest lakes||Lake Balaton 590 km2|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Budapest (capital) 1,975,000, Debrecen 205,000, Miskolc 180,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Hungarians 98%, Gypsies 1.5%, others 0.5%|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholics 64.5%, Protestants 23.5%, Atheists and no religion 11%, others 1%|
|Currency||1 forint (ft) = 100 fillers|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$19,497 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||men 66.2 years, women 74 years years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 8%, mining and industry 30%, construction 5%, services 57%|
Hungary – neighboring states
According to Abbreviationfinder, Hungary is one of the oldest countries in Eastern Europe, with an ancient culture. It is a landlocked country that once occupied a significantly larger area, which is why practically all neighboring countries have significant Hungarian minorities on their territory.
Time zone: CET
Total area: 93,028 km²
Land area: 89,608 km²
Water area: 3,420 km²
Length of the state border: 2,106 km
Croatia: 348 km
Austria: 321 km
Romania: 424 km
Serbia: 164 km
Slovakia: 627 km
Slovenia: 94 km
Ukraine: 128 km
Coastline: 0 km
Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes, Bekescsaba, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Budapest, Csongrad, Debrecen, Dunaujvaros, Eger, Erd, Fejer, Gyor, Gyor-Moson-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Hodmezovasarhely, Jasz -Nagykun-Szolnok, Kaposvar, Kecskemet, Komarom-Esztergom, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Nograd, Nyiregyhaza, Pecs, Pest, Salgotarjan, Somogy, Sopron, Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, Szatheged, Szekesfehervar, Vas, Veszprem, Veszprem (urban), Zala, Zalaegerszeg,
Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 36 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
Population: approx. 9.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 106
Life expectancy: 72 (male), 79 (female)
Official language: Hungarian
- 37% Roman Catholic
- 11% Calvinists
- 52% other
Hungary has a Central European to continental Eastern European climate.
Spring is very pleasant, summer is hot and dry with temperatures of up to 32 ° C.
In the sometimes very cold winter, the temperatures drop to below -10 ° C.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Forint (HUF)
Classification: 1 forint = 100 fillers
ATMs: Available in the major cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to the declared import.
You should keep all exchange receipts until you leave the country. There are always random checks by customs on departure.
Currency exchange on the black market is not advisable, as one is often cheated here.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Milk, meat and sausage products of all kinds are not allowed to be imported into Hungary.
Artifacts that have a cultural value and precious metals may not be exported or only with a special permit.
There are currently more controls at the border to Austria. Appropriate time delays should be planned.
The crime rate is not significantly higher than in other European countries.
There have been isolated cases of pickpockets in the tourist centers on Lake Balaton and in the state capital.
You should always lock expensive and new vehicles (even if you leave them for a short time).
Valuables and cash should not be shown unnecessarily openly.
Tourism has developed into an important branch of industry in recent years with ever increasing numbers of visitors.
The processing and export of metal products is very important for the Hungarian economy.
Industries: building materials, mining, chemistry, food production, metal processing, textiles, tourism
Natural resources: bauxite, natural gas, coal, farmland
- Land: 51%
- Grain cultivation: 4%
- Pasture area: 12%
- Forests: 19%
- other: 14%
In the last few decades, environmental protection has been given very little importance. A high level of pollution and the clearing of huge forest areas for industrial purposes have destroyed a large part of the original ecosystem.
The remaining forest areas consist mainly of deciduous forests (beeches, oaks).
The red deer and wild boar have withdrawn to the remaining forests. In addition to some fox, rabbit and pig species, there are hardly any larger wild animals.
The country’s lakes are well filled with fish of all kinds and every year they provide the necessary habitat for large flocks of migratory birds.