Haiti Guide

Haiti Guide

Haiti – country information

Country name Haiti
Official name Republic of Haiti
Capital Port-au-Prince
Continent North America
Area 27,750 km2
Population 10,413,211 (2012)
Foundation of a state 1/1/1804
The highest mountains La Selle 2674 m
Longest rivers Artibonite 225 km
State system transitional government
The biggest cities Port-au-Prince (capital) 810,000 (agglomeration 1.35 million), Cap Haitien 105,000, Gonaives 70,000
Official language Haitian Creole, French
Ethnicity/National Composition blacks 60%, mulattoes 35%, creoles 5%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 82%, Protestants 15%, others 3%
Currency 1 gourde (G) = 100 centimes
gross domestic product (GDP) US$1,229 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 53.23 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 34%, mining and industry 14.5%, construction 6%, services 45.5%

Haiti – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Dominican republic Santo Domingo 48,671 km2 9,445,281

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Haiti forms the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the middle of the Caribbean Sea. Therefore, it borders only the Dominican Republic.

Haiti (Mountain Country) – a state in the western part of the island of Hispaniola (in the Caribbean Sea) and on the coastal islands. The capital is Port-au-Prince. The official language is Haitian Creole and French.

The climate is tropical trade wind. Temperature from +15*С to +40*С. Rains April-June, September-November. Dry and warm weather the rest of the time.

Resorts and attractions in Haiti

Haiti is a Caribbean state that is making every effort to revive and develop the tourism business. The tourism industry existing in this country has two directions – beach and sightseeing types of recreation.

There are no massive hotel complexes in Haiti, but the available small hotels provide vacationers with a full range of services provided at the highest level. Tourists are interested in the archaeological heritage and culture of the state.

The only place where tourists can enjoy an active holiday is Haiti. To the north of Port-au-Prince are the best resorts.

The shores of Port-au-Prince are surrounded by coral reefs, this is an unforgettable sight. Once upon a time, many ships crashed here, carrying various cargoes to other countries. Therefore, over the years, a lot of debris has accumulated at the bottom of the sea, which makes holidays in Haiti even more interesting.

Country data

Location: Caribbean

Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time CET – 6)

Total area: 27,750 km²

Land area: 27,560 km²

Water area: 190 km²

Length of the state border: 376 km

Bordering countries are allocated to: Dominican Republic: 376 km

Coastline: 1,771 km

Capital: Port-au-Prince

Districts: 10
Artibonite, Center, Grand’Anse, Nippes, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est

Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 509 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m


Population: approx. 10 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 360

Life expectancy: 62 (male), 65 (female)

Official language: French, Haitian


  • 80% Roman Catholic
  • 16% Protestants
  • 4% other


The climate in Haiti is subtropical. During the day the temperatures are around 25-37 ° C and at night around 15-24 ° C.

It is pleasantly warm all year round, with the sun shining almost every day. It’s hottest from June to October.

There are 2 main rainy seasons. These last from April to June and from September to November. Europeans can still bear the general humidity.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Gourde (HTG)

Classification: 1 gourde = 100 centimes

ATMs: not available.

International credit cards: These are only occasionally accepted in the capital.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. A declaration is required from an equivalent value of 200,000 HTG

You should only carry US dollars as foreign currency. Other currencies are usually not exchanged.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 1,000 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • very small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Jewelry and sports equipment must be declared at customs upon entry.

All items required for a stay in Haiti should be brought with you upon entry, as buying them is difficult or very expensive.

Travel advice

Travel to Haiti is currently not recommended.

Since the new President, who was sworn in in February 2017, is not recognized by the losing parties, protests and demonstrations can always occur.

The generally tense internal political situation is aggravated again and again by constant unrest and violent actions.

Armed robberies, kidnappings, extortions and even murders are the order of the day. You can’t always rely on the Haitian police.

Numerous criminal prisoners escaped from prisons during the civil war. Many people are armed.

The Federal Foreign Office urgently advises postponing trips to Haiti until the situation has calmed down.

Behavioral advice

Since the internal political situation is still very unstable, you should avoid all large crowds.

At night, you should no longer be traveling alone and completely avoid cross-country trips.


Poverty in Haiti is very high. Most of the residents work on the coffee plantations for a very low income.

Due to the internal political unrest, the tourism industry has also come to a standstill.

Industries: coffee production, light engineering, textiles, tourism, sugar processing

Natural resources: bauxite, gold, calcium, copper, farmland, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 20%
  • Grain cultivation: 13%
  • Pasture area: 18%
  • Forests: 5%
  • other: 44%
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