Guyana Guide

Guyana Guide

Guyana – Country Information

Country name Guyana
Official name Cooperative Republic of Guyana
Capital Georgetown
continent South America
Area 214,969 km
Population 784 894 (2010)
Foundation of a state 26. 5. 1966
The highest mountains Roraima 2772 m
Longest rivers I will cover 1040 km
State system a pluralistic presidential republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Georgetown (capital city) 275,000, Linden 45,000, New Amsterdam 35,000
Official language English
Ethnicity/National Composition Indian 49.5%, Black 35.5%, Mixed race 7%, Native American 6.8%, Portuguese 0.7%, Chinese 0.4%
Religious affiliation Hindu 34%, Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 18%, Muslim 9%, Atheist 3.5%
Currency 1 Guyanese dollar (G$) = 100 cents
gross domestic product (GDP) US$7,965 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 65.86 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 42.5%, mining 11%, industry 7%, construction 3.5%, services 36%

Guyana – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Populace
Brazil Brasilia 8,514,880 km 201 032 714
Surinam Paramaribo 163,820 km 534 189
Venezuela Caracas 912,050 km 28 946 101

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Guyana, formerly British Guiana, is a sparsely populated country on the northern coast of South America, bordered by Venezuela to the northwest, Brazil to the west and south, and the Corantyne River to Suriname to the east. The name of the country is of Indian origin and means “land of waters”.

Guyana (British Guiana in the past) is a state on the northeast coast of South America. Common borders in the west – with Venezuela, in the south – with Brazil, in the east – with Suriname. The capital is Georgetown. The official language is English.

Climate – subequatorial, hot and humid. Temperature from +28*С. Two rainy seasons – April-August and from November-January.

Resorts and attractions in Guyana

Did you know that there is a cooperative republic where you can have a great vacation? It turns out there is one and it is located in the northeastern part of South America. You can assume that this is a capitalist state with a developed market economy. But you are wrong.

Guyana is a land of jungles and caimans. Nature here delights with its magnificence. Caiman, otters and piranhas are found in fast rivers. And the vast jungle keeps places where no human foot has yet set foot. Guyana is a small state with a population of 760,000 people.

When choosing this country, it is worth remembering that physical violence and street crime are quite common in Georgetown and a foreigner should take extra precautions (if possible, we do not carry money and jewelry).

Country data

Location: Northern South America

Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6)

Total area: 214,969 km²

Land area: 196,849 km²

Water area: 18,120 km²

Length of the state border: 2,933 km

Bordering countries are accounted for:
Brazil: 1,308 km
Suriname: 836 km
Venezuela: 789 km

Coastline: 459 km

Capital: Georgetown

Regions: 10
Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo

Electric current: 110/220 V / 50/60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 592 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m


Population: approx. 735,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 3.4

Life expectancy: 65 (male), 71 (female)

Official language: English


  • 30% Protestants
  • 28% Hindu
  • 8% Roman Catholic
  • 7% Muslim
  • 27% other


The climate is tropical, hot and humid. There are 2 rainy seasons, each from May to mid-August and from mid-November to mid-January. The humidity is always quite high, especially in the morning.

The temperature fluctuates between 20 ° C and 35 ° C throughout the year.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Guyana dollar (GYD)

Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: There are very few ATMs in the larger cities. Most of these machines do not accept foreign cards.

International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import. There is an obligation to declare.

The local currency can be imported and exported up to an amount of 200 Guyana dollars. However, the national currency cannot be exchanged outside the country.

Money should only be exchanged in official exchange offices or banks. One is often betrayed on the street.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 200 g tobacco
  • 0.75 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

An increase in Zika virus infections is currently being observed in the region. The Zika virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes.

The Federal Foreign Office recommends that pregnant women refrain from avoidable trips to ZIKA virus outbreak areas, as the risk of early childhood malformations if the woman is infected cannot currently be ruled out.

Behavioral advice

The crime rate is very high across the country. Robberies, thefts and extortions are particularly common in the capital, Georgetown. Many of the perpetrators are armed.

After dark you shouldn’t be out and about. Even during the day it is advisable not to go out alone and to form a convoy when driving.


Agriculture, which is very effective, provides Guyana with most of the food it needs. This means that there is little dependency on imports.

The main export is bauxite, which brings in over a quarter of foreign currency.

Industries: mining, fishing, agriculture, textiles

Natural resources: bauxite, diamonds, fish, gold, wood

Land use:

  • Usable land: 2%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 6%
  • Forests: 84%
  • other: 8%
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