Guinea Guide

Guinea Guide

Guinea – country information

Country name Guinea
Official name Republic of Guinea
Capital Conakry
Continent Africa
Area 245,857 km2
Population 10,824,200 (2010)
Foundation of a state 2/10/1958
The highest mountains Mount Nimba 1752 m
Longest rivers Niger (in country 550 km)
State system transitional government
The biggest cities Conakry (capital) 1,100,000, Labé 145,000, Kankan 135,000
Official language French
Ethnicity/National Composition Fulani (Fulani) 40.5%, Malinka 26%, Sus 11%, Kissi 6.5%, Kpell 4.7%, others 11.3%
Religious affiliation Muslim 86%, traditional faith 5%, Christian 1.5%, other 7.5%
Currency 1 Guinean franc (GF) = 100 cowries
gross domestic product (GDP) US$1,109 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 49.50 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 27.5%, mining 24%, industry 4.5%, construction 5.5%, services 38.5%

Guinea – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 36,125 km2 1,704,000
Liberia Monrovia 111,369 km2 4,294,000
They had Bamako 1,240,190 km2 15,302,000
Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro 322,463 km2 23,202,000
Senegal Dakar 196,722 km2 13,567,338
Sierra Leone Freetown 71,740 km2 6,190,280

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Guinea is located on the West African coast between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. Inland, it borders Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast and Liberia.

Guinea is a state in West Africa. Common borders in the north with Senegal, in the north and northeast with Mali, in the east with Côte d’Ivoire, in the south with Liberia, in the southwest with Sierra Leone, in the northwest with Guinea -Bissau.

The capital is Conakry. The official language is French. Currency – Guinean franc.

The climate is subequatorial. Temperature +27, +38*С. The western part of Guinea is the coastal lowland and the Futa-Jallon plateau. In the southeast is the North Guinean Upland (the highest point is the city of Nimba, 1752 m). To the northeast is a plain. Savannahs, tropical rainforests.

Guinea is an agricultural country with a relatively developed mining industry.

Main industries: mining, light manufactory, processing of agricultural products. Exports: coffee, rice, palm nuts, aluminium, bauxite, diamonds.

Country data

Location: West Africa

Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2)

Total area: 245,857 km²

Land area: 245,717 km²

Water area: 140 km²

Length of the state border: 4,046 km

Ivory Coast / Côte d’Ivoire: 816 km
Guinea-Bissau: 421 km
Liberia: 590 km
Mali: 1,062 km
Senegal: 363 km
Sierra Leone: 794 km

Coastline: 320 km

Capital: Conakry

Regions: 8
Boke, Conakry, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labe, Mamou, N’Zerekore

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 224 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m


Population: approx. 11.5 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.6% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 47

Life expectancy: 58 (male), 61 (female)

Official language: French


  • 85% Muslim
  • 8% Christians
  • 7% other


The height differences in the country contribute significantly to the different climatic conditions. The greatest amounts of precipitation and the smallest temperature fluctuations are measured in the lower regions. In the higher regions there is a tropical rainforest climate without clearly distinguishable seasons.

In general, the rainy season lasts from mid-May to October and the summer time from November to early May.

The mean annual temperature is 26.7 ° C. The hottest month is April.

In July and August there is the greatest humidity with almost 100%.

For people from Europe, the months at the beginning and at the end of the rainy season (May / June and October / November) are the hardest to bear, as tropical thunderstorms, hurricane-like storms and sudden downpours often prevail here.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Guinea Franc (GNF)

Classification: 1 Franc = 100 Centimes

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: These are partially accepted.

Regulations: The import and export of the local currency is prohibited. There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is limited to the declared amount of the import.

Since the controls at the border are very strict, you should definitely keep receipts and declarations!

The exchange fees are often up to 14% of the exchange amount!

As a foreign currency, it is recommended to bring US dollars in small denominations.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 1,000 cigarettes or 250 cigars or 1,000 g of tobacco
  • 1 opened bottle of spirits
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

Violent conflicts between different groups occur again and again.

You should find out about the current risk situation on site.

A vaccination certificate with proof of a yellow fever vaccination is required for entry.

Behavioral advice

In Conakry you should be cautious when taking pictures. There used to be a ban on photography.

Airports and military installations may not be photographed or filmed.


The main industry in Guinea is agriculture, the main crops Bordering countries are pineapples, bananas, peanuts, cereals, yams, coffee, cassava, palm kernels and rice.

Livestock is mainly concerned with cattle and sheep. Donkeys, poultry, horses, pigs and goats are also bred here and there.

Guinea’s bauxite deposits represent a third of the world’s resources and are of great value in foreign exchange procurement.

Industries: mining, agriculture, engineering

Natural resources: bauxite, diamonds, iron ore, petroleum, fish, gold, copper, manganese, uranium

Land use:

  • Usable land: 2%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 22%
  • Forests: 59%
  • other: 17%


Guinea has a very diverse flora. Large areas, especially in the highlands, are covered with dense tropical rainforest. The remaining areas are characterized by savannah grassland.


The animal species in Guinea include antelopes, hippos, crocodiles, lions, leopards, chimpanzees, snakes, wild boars and civets. There are also many tropical bird species such as parrots and turacos.

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