Location: Central Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 357,022 km²
Land area: 348,672 km²
Water area: 8,350 km²
Length of the state border: 3,694 km
Belgium: 133 km
Denmark: 140 km
France: 418 km
Luxembourg: 128 km
Netherlands: 575 km
Austria: 801 km
Poland: 447 km
Switzerland: 348 km
Czech Republic: 704 km
Coastline: 2,389 km
Federal states: 16
Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 49 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m
Population: approx. 81 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 227
Life expectancy: 78 (male), 83 (female)
Official language: German
- 34% Protestants
- 34% Roman Catholic
- 4% Muslim
- 28% other
The summer months (June-August) are mostly warm, with an average temperature of 25-30 ° C.
In winter (November-February) the average temperature is -5 ° C to + 5 ° C. In some cases it can drop to as low as -20 ° C.
Snowfalls are more frequent in the coastal areas and in the southern regions.
You have to expect rain all year round.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)
Division: 1 € = 100 cents
ATMs: Available in many cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Located in the middle of Europe, the Federal Republic of Germany is very important to Europe’s economy.
In an international comparison, Germany is among the top ten largest industrial countries in the world.
Many of the raw materials required have to be imported because the quantities available are too small.
Industries: chemistry, iron and steel industry, electrical engineering, vehicle construction, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, textiles
Natural resources: iron ore, natural gas, coal, copper, nickel, agricultural land, salt, uranium
- Usable land: 34%
- Grain cultivation: 29%
- Pasture area: 29%
- Forests: 29%
- other: 37%
Birch, beech, oak, spruce and pine are quite common. There are many forests, some of them small, all over the country.
There are mixed and coniferous forests up to the tree line of around 1,500 meters.
State reforestation programs deal with the rebuilding of the flora that has been destroyed by agricultural use.
Attempts are being made to protect the decimated wildlife through the establishment of nature reserves and protected areas.
Due to the very limited habitat, many animal species have become extinct.