Germany Guide

Germany Guide

Country data

Location: Central Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 357,022 km²

Land area: 348,672 km²

Water area: 8,350 km²

Length of the state border: 3,694 km

Bordering countries:
Belgium: 133 km
Denmark: 140 km
France: 418 km
Luxembourg: 128 km
Netherlands: 575 km
Austria: 801 km
Poland: 447 km
Switzerland: 348 km
Czech Republic: 704 km

Coastline: 2,389 km

Capital: Berlin

Federal states: 16
Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 49 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m

Population

Population: approx. 81 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 227

Life expectancy: 78 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: German

Religions:

  • 34% Protestants
  • 34% Roman Catholic
  • 4% Muslim
  • 28% other

Climate

The summer months (June-August) are mostly warm, with an average temperature of 25-30 ° C.

In winter (November-February) the average temperature is -5 ° C to + 5 ° C. In some cases it can drop to as low as -20 ° C.

Snowfalls are more frequent in the coastal areas and in the southern regions.

You have to expect rain all year round.

Germany

Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Economy

Located in the middle of Europe, the Federal Republic of Germany is very important to Europe’s economy.

In an international comparison, Germany is among the top ten largest industrial countries in the world.

Many of the raw materials required have to be imported because the quantities available are too small.

Industries: chemistry, iron and steel industry, electrical engineering, vehicle construction, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, textiles

Natural resources: iron ore, natural gas, coal, copper, nickel, agricultural land, salt, uranium

Land use:

  • Usable land: 34%
  • Grain cultivation: 29%
  • Pasture area: 29%
  • Forests: 29%
  • other: 37%

Plants

Birch, beech, oak, spruce and pine are quite common. There are many forests, some of them small, all over the country.

There are mixed and coniferous forests up to the tree line of around 1,500 meters.

State reforestation programs deal with the rebuilding of the flora that has been destroyed by agricultural use.

Animals

Attempts are being made to protect the decimated wildlife through the establishment of nature reserves and protected areas.

Due to the very limited habitat, many animal species have become extinct.

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