Georgia Guide

Georgia Guide

Georgia – information about the state

Country name Georgia
Official name Republic of Georgia
Capital Tbilisi
continent Asia
Area 69,700 km
Population 4 483 800 (2013)
Foundation of a state 9. 4. 1991
The highest mountains Šchara 5201 m
Longest rivers Kura 1510 km (in the country 500 km), Rioni 325 km
State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Tbilisi (capital) 1,325,000, Kutaisi 245,000, Rustavi 170,000
Official language Georgian
Ethnicity/National Composition Georgians 70.5%, Armenians 9%, Russians 6%, Azerbaijanis 4%, Ossetians 3%, Abkhazians 1.8%, Greeks 1.7%, others 4%
Religious affiliation Georgian Orthodox 65%, Russian Orthodox 10%, Armenian Orthodox 8%, Muslim 11%
Currency 1 run
gross domestic product (GDP) US$5,842 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 76.09 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 28%, mining and industry 32%, construction 5%, services 35%

Georgia – neighboring states

State Capital Area Populace
Armenia Yerevan 29,800 km 3 017 400
Azerbaijan Baku 86,600 km 9 477 100
Mask Moscow 17,098,200 km 143 700 000
Turkey Ankara 783,562 km2 76 667 864

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the small republic of Georgia is located in Transcaucasia on the eastern edge of the Black Sea. It borders the Russian Federation to the north, Azerbaijan and Armenia to the southeast, and Turkey to the south. It is a country wracked by severe internal political and armed conflicts in an area where the spheres of influence of different worlds and cultures have clashed since ancient times. It includes the autonomous republics of Adjara and Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Country data

Location: Southwest Asia

Time zone: CET + 3

Total area: 69,700 km²

Land area: 69,700 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 1,814 km

Bordering countries:
Armenia: 219 km
Azerbaijan: 428 km
Russian Federation: 894 km
Turkey: 273 km

Coastline: 310 km

Capital: Tbilisi

Regions: 12
Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Shida Kartli, Tbilisi, Abkhazia, Ajaria

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 995 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mt’a Shkhara 5,201 m


Population: approx. 5 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 72

Life expectancy: 72 (male), 80 (female)

Official language: Georgian, Abkhazian


  • 84% Orthodox
  • 10% Muslim
  • 6% other


On the Black Sea coast there is a moderate Mediterranean climate, which changes to a subtropical, humid climate towards the east.

The average air temperature in the west is around 15 ° C.

In the summer months, the temperature often rises to 40 ° C. Winter is similar to that in Central Europe.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Lari (GEL)

Classification: 1 Lari = 100 Tetri

ATMs: only available in the larger cities.

International credit cards: only accepted by some international hotels and banks.

Regulations: The national currencies may be imported in unlimited amounts. The export is allowed in the amount of the declared import, but up to the equivalent of 500 US dollars.

There is also no limit to the number of foreign currencies that can be introduced, but only up to an equivalent value of US $ 500. There is an obligation to declare.

It is advisable to only exchange the amounts actually required. Payment in foreign currency is also often required. You should carry US dollars in small notation.

You should definitely keep all exchange receipts until you leave the country.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 400 cigarettes or 50 cigars
  • 4 liters of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Valuable objects and electrical devices should be declared upon entry in order to avoid problems during export.

A permit from the Ministry of Culture is required to export cultural goods. These goods include historically valuable carpets and paintings, archaeological finds, furniture, coins and jewelry.

Travel advice

We warn against traveling to the crisis regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia!

There are armed rebel groups almost all over the country. Since the declaration of independence in November 1990 there have been repeated acts of violence.

If possible, you shouldn’t stay outside of the big cities, even if the situation has calmed down recently./p>


The republic on the Caucasus declared its independence in November 1990. Although mineral resources are abundant and industry has developed well, the country has encountered great economic difficulties.

The inflation rate has risen sharply and many everyday products have become scarce.

Industries: chemistry, aircraft construction, wood processing, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: iron ore, wood, copper, magnesium

Land use:

  • Usable land: 9%
  • Grain cultivation: 4%
  • Pasture area: 25%
  • Forests: 34%
  • other: 28%


The still large forest areas consist mainly of birch, beech, oak, chestnut and juniper trees. Conifers are particularly widespread in the higher elevations.

In addition, several types of moss and grass grow all over the country.

The different climatic regions in Georgia favor the growth of a high biodiversity.


Due to the fact that nature conservation was not given special attention for a long time, many animal species have been greatly decimated.

Occasionally you can still see brown bears, chamois, lynx and ibex. But animals that are actually native to Central Europe can still be found here.

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