Equatorial Guinea – country information
|Country name||Equatorial Guinea|
|Official name||Republic of Equatorial Guinea|
|Population||736 296 (2012)|
|Foundation of a state||12. 10. 1968|
|The highest mountains||Pico de Santa Isabel 3,007 m (on Bioko Island)|
|Longest rivers||Benito 275 km|
|State system||transitional government|
|The biggest cities||Bata 55,000, Malabo (capital) 45,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Fang 73%, Bubi 14.5%, Dual 2.5%, Ibi 1.2%, Maka 1.2%, others 7.6%|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic 89%, traditional faith 5%, Muslim 0.5%, other 5.5%|
|Currency||1 CFA franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$26,487 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||49.54 let (2006)|
Equatorial Guinea – Neighboring States
|Gabon||Libreville||267,668 km||1 672 000|
|Cameroon||Yaounde||475 442 km||20 386 799|
According to Abbreviationfinder, the mainland of Equatorial Guinea lies on the Gulf of Guinea. It used to be called Rio Muni. It borders Cameroon to the north, and Gabon to the south and east. Five islands belong to Equatorial Guinea, the largest of which is the volcanic Bioko off the coast of Cameroon. The Pagalu (Annobón) archipelago lies about 500 km to the southwest.
Location: West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea
Time zone: CET (during summer time: CET – 1)
Total area: 28,051 km²
Land area: 28,051 km²
Water area: 0 km²
Length of the state border: 528 km
Gabon: 345 km
Cameroon: 183 km
Coastline: 296 km
Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas
Electric current: 220/240 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 240 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Population: approx. 722,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 2.5% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 26
Life expectancy: 62 (male), 65 (female)
Official language: Spanish, French, Portuguese
- 90% Christian
- 10% other
There is a year-round, humid tropical climate with an average annual temperature of 25 ° C.
The rainy season on the mainland runs from February to June and from September to November, while the rainy season on Bioko is from May to October.
It is strongly recommended to take an effective mosquito repellent with you.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: CFA franc (CFA francs)
Classification: 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
ATMs: Only a few devices in the big cities. Devices are often out of order.
International credit cards: Only individual hotels are accepted.
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported, but must be declared upon entry. The export of foreign currencies is only permitted in the amount of the declared import.
The national currency may only be imported in small quantities. The export is permitted up to an amount of 25,000 CFA Francs.
A re-exchange is not possible outside the countries of the CFA Francs zone.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 200 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic drink and 1 liter of wine
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
When bringing items of high value (video camera, laptop, photographic equipment) with you, a declaration is recommended upon entry.
There is an import ban for
- pornographic literature / images
- Books and films about war and terror
- uniform-like clothing
- professional cameras
An international vaccination card with valid proof of a yellow fever vaccination is required upon entry
After nightfall, people should no longer go into town alone. Side streets should also be avoided during the day.
The passport must be carried with you at all times.
Security forces (police, military) also often act at their own discretion. This concerns the harassment and blackmail of people (including foreigners).
Since there is no German embassy in Equatorial Guinea, residents of the European Union must contact the representations of Spain or France.
Only take as much money with you during the day as you will probably need.
Jewelry and other valuable items should not be imported into the country.
The largest branches of industry are the production of crude oil, cocoa, coffee and various precious woods. These goods also make up most of the country’s export goods.
Industries: Oil extraction, natural gas extraction, fishing, wood processing, agriculture
Natural resources: petroleum, wood, gold, manganese, uranium
- Usable land: 5%
- Grain cultivation: 4%
- Pasture area: 4%
- Forests: 46%
- other: 41%
The tropical rainforest dominates large areas of the country. Mahogany trees, oil palms and cola trees are widespread.
The smaller plants include ferns, lianas and various shrubs.
There are many mangrove swamps along the coast.
Equatorial Guinea has a very diverse fauna. Gorillas, mangabians and chimpanzees are common in the rainforests.
Antelopes, leopards and forest elephants are popular objects on photo safaris.