Ecuador Guide

Ecuador Guide

Country data

Location: Western South America

Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7)

Total area: 283,561 km²

Land area: 276,841 km²

Water area: 6,720 km²

Length of the state border: 2,237 km

Bordering countries are accounted for:
Colombia: 708 km
Peru: 1,529 km

Coastline: 2,237 km

Capital: Quito

Provinces: 24
Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Santa Elena, Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe

Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 593 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m


Population: approx. 15.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.4% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 55

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 79 (female)

Official language: Spanish


  • 95% Roman Catholic
  • 5% other


The climate along the coast is tropical and warm. The first half of the year is the rainy season, with an average temperature of 27 ° C. The humidity is very high.

In contrast, the climate is more pleasant in the second half of the year. It then only rains very rarely and the humidity is also much lower. With daytime temperatures of 20-25 ° C, it is still not too cold.

In the highlands of the Andes (over 2,000 meters), the temperature is subject to only minor fluctuations over the year. However, it can come to strong temperature differences several times a day.

Most of the rain falls in the months from December to May.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: US dollar (USD)

Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in the major cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted in larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 300 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 200 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

There are special rules and restrictions on export for various antiques and souvenirs.

Travel advice

An increase in Zika virus infections is currently being observed in the region. The Zika virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes.

The Federal Foreign Office recommends that pregnant women refrain from avoidable trips to ZIKA virus outbreak areas, as the risk of early childhood malformations if the woman is infected cannot currently be ruled out.

The areas in the north of the country should not be visited as there is often activity by armed groups. Kidnappings, robberies and thefts are commonplace. The police and other government agencies provide very limited assistance.

Violent crime is also very high in the country’s larger cities. Theft and armed robbery have increased particularly in recent months.

Always carry 2 purses with you. In the first one (which you carry well hidden) you keep your money for the day. The second should contain a few small bills and coins. So you can give out the second wallet in the event of a robbery and satisfy the perpetrator with it without losing all of your money.

Behavioral advice

You should have certified copies of your identification papers with you and keep them in a safe place separate from the other papers.

Some of the tap water is of poor quality and should therefore be boiled before use. Only use bottled water for drinking.


In agriculture, many different products are grown for personal use and for export. These include bananas, coffee, potatoes, cassava, corn and sugar cane, among others.

The best-known export product of Ecuador are crabs, which are raised in huge breeding farms. Thanks to the strong government support in this area, Ecuador has become the world’s largest shrimp exporter.

Industries: chemistry, fishing, wood processing, agriculture, food production, textiles, tourism

Natural resources: oil, fish, wood, water power

Land use:

  • Usable land: 6%
  • Grain cultivation: 5%
  • Pasture area: 18%
  • Forests: 56%
  • other: 15%


In order to create arable land for agriculture, huge areas of the former rainforest have been and are being cleared.

Of the formerly over 80% forested area, more than a quarter has already been cleared.


Hundreds of species of mammals, reptiles and birds live in the forests of Ecuador.

The animal life on the Galapagos Island is particularly rich in species. Many giant tortoises and rare bird species live here.

Comments are closed.