Location: East Africa
Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 1)
Total area: 23,200 km²
Land area: 23,180 km²
Water area: 20 km²
Length of the state border: 528 km
Bordering countries apply to:
Ethiopia: 342 km
Eritrea: 125 km
Somalia: 61 km
Coastline: 314 km
Capital: Djibouti City
Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjourah
Telephone code: 00 253 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m
Population: approx. 810,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 2.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 35
Life expectancy: 60 (male), 65 (female)
Official language: French and Arabic
- 94% Muslim
- 6% other
In the summer months from May to October it is very hot with extreme humidity.
From October to April it will be cooler with occasional rain showers. Otherwise there is little rainfall throughout the year.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Djiboutian Franc (DJF)
Classification: 1 Franc = 100 Centimes
ATMs: not available
International credit cards: These are only occasionally accepted by large hotels, car rental companies or airlines.
Regulations: The import and export of national and foreign currencies is permitted in unlimited amounts.
Since money can only be exchanged in the capital’s banks, we recommend that you bring sufficient amounts of US dollars or euros with you.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Since the general security situation in Djibouti is currently stable, it is not generally advisable to travel to the republic.
The regions of Mabla and As Eyla are considered to be danger points, as there are predominantly rebel groups. Likewise, you should not visit remote areas of Djibouti.
Because of the danger of mines, you should also avoid the northern parts of the country. Therefore, under no circumstances should you leave paved roads (not even to turn around)!
Avoid the poor areas of the capital, as the crime rate is particularly high here.
Keep several copies of your passport / travel documents in different places (in the hotel, with friends).
Because of the poor soil, there is only an inefficiently developed agriculture. The areas of the semi-desert serve as grazing land for cattle.
Industries: banking, agriculture, transportation
Natural resources: geothermal energy
- Usable land: 0%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 9%
- Forests: 0%
- other: 91%
Since a large part of the country consists of inhospitable semi-deserts, there are only desert vines in many regions.
Mangroves only grow on the coastal strip and there are some forest areas in the higher mountainous regions.
Gazelles, lynxes and jackals are among the native animals that have adapted to life with the extreme climatic conditions.