Denmark Guide

Denmark Guide

Denmark – country information

Country name Denmark
Official name Kingdom of Denmark
Capital Copenhagen
continent Europe
Area 43,094 km
Population 5 627 235 (2014)
Foundation of a state 1. 1. 1849
The highest mountains Yding Skouhoj 173 m
State system pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Copenhagen (capital city) 1,350,000 (conurbation), Aarhus 270,000, Odense 180,000
Official language Danish
Ethnicity/National Composition Danes 96.3%, Asians 1.7% (Turkish 0.7%), other Scandinavians 0.5%, other 1.5%
Religious affiliation Lutherans 88%, other Christians 1.6%, Muslims 1.4%, no religion and others 9%
Currency 1 Danish crown (DKr) = øre
gross domestic product (GDP) US$37,324 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 77.79 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 3.4%, mining 0.9%, industry 20.7%, construction 5.5%, services 69.5%

Denmark – neighboring countries

State Capital Area Populace
Germany berlin 357,022 km 80 619 000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Denmark, the smallest Scandinavian country, enjoys probably the highest standard of living among the countries of the European Union. However, it also has the highest taxes and foreign debt.

Country data

Location: Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 43,094 km²

Land area: 42,434 km²

Water area: 660 km²

Length of the state border: 140 km

Bordering countries apply to: Germany: 140 km

Coastline: 7,314 km

Capital: Copenhagen

Counties: 5
Hovedstaden (Capital), Midtjylland (Central Jutland), Nordjylland (North Jutland), Sjaelland (Zealand), Syddanmark (Southern Denmark)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 45 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mollehoj / Ejer Bavnehoj 171 m


Population: approx. 5.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 130

Life expectancy: 77 (male), 82 (female)

Official language: Danish


  • 80% Evangelical-Lutheran
  • 4% Muslim
  • 16% other


The climate is a rather moderate coastal and maritime climate.

Due to the sometimes very strong fluctuations in wind types and directions, daytime temperatures are also subject to large fluctuations.

In the summer months from June to August the average temperature is around 17 ° C. In winter (December – March) at around 0 ° C.

Due to its location to the North and Baltic Seas, it is very humid and cold all year round.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Danish Krone (DKK)

Classification: 1 crown = 100 ore

ATMs: Yes, EC card (PIN number) or credit cards

International credit cards: A large number of shops accept them.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 300 cigarettes or 75 cigars or 400 g of other tobacco products
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 17 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The import of fresh meat and meat products of all kinds is prohibited.

Entry with pets (cats, dogs and ferrets) is only permitted with a pet ID card or a veterinary approval from the Danish authorities.

Travel advice

Since January 2016, Denmark has been carrying out random border controls again. There may be waiting times when entering the country.

A valid identity card or passport should be carried.


The small kingdom north of Germany is a modern industrial state that exports many different products and services.

The electrical industry and manufacturing companies are dependent on imports of raw materials, but they are nevertheless of great economic importance.

Industries: chemistry, electronics, food production, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: natural gas, oil, fish, limestone, salt

Land use:

  • Usable land: 60%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 5%
  • Forests: 10%
  • other: 25%


Due to the small land area and the high industrial standard, there are hardly any areas with natural vegetation.

About a tenth of the country’s area still consists of forests with beech, oak and ash.

Different types of grass, ferns and moss complete the landscape.


There are almost no living land mammals any more. Occasionally only roe deer and red deer can be found. Small animals include squirrels, rabbits and foxes.

With over 300 different species, the bird world that lives on the islands is particularly numerous.

The main basis of the fish processing industry are cod, herring and plaice.

Comments are closed.