Czech Republic Guide

Czech Republic Guide

Czechia – information about the country

Country name Czechia
Official name Czech Republic
Capital Prague
continent Europe
Area 78,866 km
Population 10 513 800 (2013)
Foundation of a state 1. 1. 1993
The highest mountains Sněžka 1,602 m
Longest rivers Elbe 1165 km (in the country 415 km), Vltava 433 km
State system a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Prague (capital) 1,216,000, Brno 390,000, Ostrava 325,000
Official language Czech
Ethnicity/National Composition Czechs 94.0% (including Moravians and Silesians), Slovaks 3%, Roma 1.3%, Poles 0.6%, Germans 0.5%, others 0.6%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 39.5%, Protestants 4.2%, Atheists and no religion 39.5%, others 16.8%
Currency 1 crown (CZK) = 100 pennies
gross domestic product (GDP) US$27,000 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 76.22 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 4%, mining and industry 40%, construction 4%, services 52%

Czechia – neighboring states

State Capital Area Populace
Germany berlin 357,022 km 80 619 000
Poland Warsaw 312,685 km2 38 502 396
Austria Vienna 83,858 km 8 504 850
Slovakia Bratislava 49,033 km2 5 415 949

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the Czechia has an excellent geographical location in the middle of Europe, at the junction or within reach of all its large regions (Western, Eastern Europe, the Balkans and Scandinavia). It also has the longest border with the continent’s biggest power – Germany.


The majority of the population of the Czech Republic has Czech nationality (90.4%) or Moravian nationality (3.7%) and speaks Czech. Czech belongs to the West Slavic branch of the Indo-European language group. Other ethnic groups are Poles, Germans (the rest of the former large minority), Roma, Hungarians, Ukrainians and others. After the division of Czechoslovakia in 1993, some Slovaks remained in the Czech Republic and today they make up about 2% of the population.

The majority of the population (59%) has no religion. The most numerous church is Roman Catholic (27%), 1% of the population are members of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church, less than 1% of the Evangelical Church of the Czech Brethren. The number of followers of Judaism is tiny.

Country data

Location: Central Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 78,867 km²

Land area: 77,247 km²

Water area: 1,620 km²

Length of the state border: 2,046 km

Bordering countries:
Germany: 704 km
Austria: 402 km
Poland: 699 km
Slovakia: 241 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Prague

Districts: 14
Jihocesky (South Bohemia), Jihomoravsky (South Moravia), Karlovarsky (Karlovy Vary), Kralovehradecky (Hradec Kralove), Liberecky (Liberec), Moravskoslezsky (Moravia-Silesia), Olomoucky (Olomouc), Pzardensubick (Pilsen), Praha (Prague), Stredocesky (Central Bohemia), Ustecky (Usti), Vysocina (Highlands), Zlinsky (Zlin)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 420 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Snezka 1,602 m


Population: approx. 10.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 134

Life expectancy: 75 (male), 81 (female)

Official language: Czech


  • 34% atheists
  • 10% Roman Catholic
  • 56% other


The summer months (June-August) are mostly warm, with temperatures of 24-30 ° C.

In winter (December-February) the average temperature is -5 ° C to 0 ° C. Occasionally it can get colder in the valleys.

Czech Republic

You have to expect rain all year round as there is no specific rainy season.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Czech crown (CZK)

Classification: 1 crown = 100 haléřů (Heller)

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco products
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for the Czech Republic.

Behavioral advice

Car thefts have occurred time and again in recent years. Therefore, always lock your vehicle, even if you only leave it for a short time.

You should also not leave any valuables lying around.

Pickpockets occur again and again in the tourist centers and in the capital. Therefore, do not wear any valuable jewelry or money visibly on your body.


The automotive industry and the manufacture of modern industrial plants and industrial complexes form a large part of the industry and are mainly manufactured for export.

In the mining sector, mainly lignite, graphite, limestone, kaolin, quartz sand, hard coal and clay are extracted.

The tourism industry can look forward to a steadily increasing number of visitors.

Industries: building materials, chemistry, vehicle construction, glass production, food production, mechanical engineering, tourism

Natural resources: lignite, graphite, wood, limestone, coal

Land use:

  • Land: 41%
  • Grain cultivation: 2%
  • Pasture area: 11%
  • Forests: 34%
  • other: 12%


The flora typical of Central Europe can be found all over the Czech Republic.

Large parts of the country are still covered with forests. The deciduous forests take up the largest part. Birch, beech, oak, spruce and pine are the most common.


In the last decade, greater importance has been attached to the protection of the animal world than before.

The fish that live in the rivers and lakes are particularly well known. There are still very many carp here.

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