Czechia – information about the country
|Official name||Czech Republic|
|Population||10 513 800 (2013)|
|Foundation of a state||1. 1. 1993|
|The highest mountains||Sněžka 1,602 m|
|Longest rivers||Elbe 1165 km (in the country 415 km), Vltava 433 km|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Prague (capital) 1,216,000, Brno 390,000, Ostrava 325,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Czechs 94.0% (including Moravians and Silesians), Slovaks 3%, Roma 1.3%, Poles 0.6%, Germans 0.5%, others 0.6%|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholics 39.5%, Protestants 4.2%, Atheists and no religion 39.5%, others 16.8%|
|Currency||1 crown (CZK) = 100 pennies|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$27,000 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||76.22 let (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture, forestry and fishing 4%, mining and industry 40%, construction 4%, services 52%|
Czechia – neighboring states
|Germany||berlin||357,022 km||80 619 000|
|Poland||Warsaw||312,685 km2||38 502 396|
|Austria||Vienna||83,858 km||8 504 850|
|Slovakia||Bratislava||49,033 km2||5 415 949|
According to Abbreviationfinder, the Czechia has an excellent geographical location in the middle of Europe, at the junction or within reach of all its large regions (Western, Eastern Europe, the Balkans and Scandinavia). It also has the longest border with the continent’s biggest power – Germany.
The majority of the population of the Czech Republic has Czech nationality (90.4%) or Moravian nationality (3.7%) and speaks Czech. Czech belongs to the West Slavic branch of the Indo-European language group. Other ethnic groups are Poles, Germans (the rest of the former large minority), Roma, Hungarians, Ukrainians and others. After the division of Czechoslovakia in 1993, some Slovaks remained in the Czech Republic and today they make up about 2% of the population.
The majority of the population (59%) has no religion. The most numerous church is Roman Catholic (27%), 1% of the population are members of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church, less than 1% of the Evangelical Church of the Czech Brethren. The number of followers of Judaism is tiny.
Location: Central Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 78,867 km²
Land area: 77,247 km²
Water area: 1,620 km²
Length of the state border: 2,046 km
Germany: 704 km
Austria: 402 km
Poland: 699 km
Slovakia: 241 km
Coastline: 0 km
Jihocesky (South Bohemia), Jihomoravsky (South Moravia), Karlovarsky (Karlovy Vary), Kralovehradecky (Hradec Kralove), Liberecky (Liberec), Moravskoslezsky (Moravia-Silesia), Olomoucky (Olomouc), Pzardensubick (Pilsen), Praha (Prague), Stredocesky (Central Bohemia), Ustecky (Usti), Vysocina (Highlands), Zlinsky (Zlin)
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 420 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
Population: approx. 10.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 0.2% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 134
Life expectancy: 75 (male), 81 (female)
Official language: Czech
- 34% atheists
- 10% Roman Catholic
- 56% other
The summer months (June-August) are mostly warm, with temperatures of 24-30 ° C.
In winter (December-February) the average temperature is -5 ° C to 0 ° C. Occasionally it can get colder in the valleys.
You have to expect rain all year round as there is no specific rainy season.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Czech crown (CZK)
Classification: 1 crown = 100 haléřů (Heller)
ATMs: Available in many cities.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.
Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco products
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
There is currently no country-specific safety notice for the Czech Republic.
Car thefts have occurred time and again in recent years. Therefore, always lock your vehicle, even if you only leave it for a short time.
You should also not leave any valuables lying around.
Pickpockets occur again and again in the tourist centers and in the capital. Therefore, do not wear any valuable jewelry or money visibly on your body.
The automotive industry and the manufacture of modern industrial plants and industrial complexes form a large part of the industry and are mainly manufactured for export.
In the mining sector, mainly lignite, graphite, limestone, kaolin, quartz sand, hard coal and clay are extracted.
The tourism industry can look forward to a steadily increasing number of visitors.
Industries: building materials, chemistry, vehicle construction, glass production, food production, mechanical engineering, tourism
Natural resources: lignite, graphite, wood, limestone, coal
- Land: 41%
- Grain cultivation: 2%
- Pasture area: 11%
- Forests: 34%
- other: 12%
The flora typical of Central Europe can be found all over the Czech Republic.
Large parts of the country are still covered with forests. The deciduous forests take up the largest part. Birch, beech, oak, spruce and pine are the most common.
In the last decade, greater importance has been attached to the protection of the animal world than before.
The fish that live in the rivers and lakes are particularly well known. There are still very many carp here.