Czech Republic Guide

Czech Republic Guide

Country data

Location: Central Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 78,867 km²

Land area: 77,247 km²

Water area: 1,620 km²

Length of the state border: 2,046 km

Bordering countries:
Germany: 704 km
Austria: 402 km
Poland: 699 km
Slovakia: 241 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Prague

Districts: 14
Jihocesky (South Bohemia), Jihomoravsky (South Moravia), Karlovarsky (Karlovy Vary), Kralovehradecky (Hradec Kralove), Liberecky (Liberec), Moravskoslezsky (Moravia-Silesia), Olomoucky (Olomouc), Pzardensubick (Pilsen), Praha (Prague), Stredocesky (Central Bohemia), Ustecky (Usti), Vysocina (Highlands), Zlinsky (Zlin)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 420 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

Population

Population: approx. 10.6 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 134

Life expectancy: 75 (male), 81 (female)

Official language: Czech

Religions:

  • 34% atheists
  • 10% Roman Catholic
  • 56% other

Climate

The summer months (June-August) are mostly warm, with temperatures of 24-30 ° C.

In winter (December-February) the average temperature is -5 ° C to 0 ° C. Occasionally it can get colder in the valleys.

Czech Republic

You have to expect rain all year round as there is no specific rainy season.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Czech crown (CZK)

Classification: 1 crown = 100 haléřů (Heller)

ATMs: Available in many cities.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: National and foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco products
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for the Czech Republic.

Behavioral advice

Car thefts have occurred time and again in recent years. Therefore, always lock your vehicle, even if you only leave it for a short time.

You should also not leave any valuables lying around.

Pickpockets occur again and again in the tourist centers and in the capital. Therefore, do not wear any valuable jewelry or money visibly on your body.

Economy

The automotive industry and the manufacture of modern industrial plants and industrial complexes form a large part of the industry and are mainly manufactured for export.

In the mining sector, mainly lignite, graphite, limestone, kaolin, quartz sand, hard coal and clay are extracted.

The tourism industry can look forward to a steadily increasing number of visitors.

Industries: building materials, chemistry, vehicle construction, glass production, food production, mechanical engineering, tourism

Natural resources: lignite, graphite, wood, limestone, coal

Land use:

  • Land: 41%
  • Grain cultivation: 2%
  • Pasture area: 11%
  • Forests: 34%
  • other: 12%

Plants

The flora typical of Central Europe can be found all over the Czech Republic.

Large parts of the country are still covered with forests. The deciduous forests take up the largest part. Birch, beech, oak, spruce and pine are the most common.

Animals

In the last decade, greater importance has been attached to the protection of the animal world than before.

The fish that live in the rivers and lakes are particularly well known. There are still very many carp here.

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