Chile Guide

Chile Guide

Country data

Location: South America

Time zone: CET – 5th

Total area: 756,102 km²

Land area: 743,812 km²

Water area: 12,290 km²

Length of the state border: 7,801 km

including:
Argentina: 6,691 km
Bolivia: 942 km
Peru: 168 km

Coastline: 6,435 km

Capital: Santiago de Chile

Regions: 15
Aysen, Antofagasta, Araucania, Arica y Parinacota, Atacama, Biobio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O’Higgins, Los Lagos, Los Rios, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Metropolitana Region (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 56 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

Population

Population: approx. 17.4 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.8% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 23

Life expectancy: 75 (male), 82 (female)

Official language: Spanish

Religions:

  • 67% Roman Catholic
  • 16% Protestants
  • 17% other

Climate

In the country in the southern hemisphere, the seasons are opposite to those in Europe.

Chile

Due to the high north-south expansion, Chile extends over several climatically different zones. North:

  • desert-like climate
  • very warm (often over 30 ° C)
  • hardly any rainfall
  • very low humidity

Center of the country:

  • temperate climate zone
  • Rainy season from May to September

South:

  • Rainfall all year round
  • long winter months
  • Humidity constantly fluctuates between 40% and 90%

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Chilean Peso (CLP)

Classification: 1 Peso = 100 Centavos

ATMs: Available in most cities.

International credit cards: Many hotels and shops accept them in the big cities.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

When changing money on the black market, one is often cheated. Therefore you should not exchange anything there (even if the exchange rate often seems cheaper).

An exchange of unneeded funds is often only possible upon presentation of the exchange receipts. You should therefore keep them until you leave the country.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 400 cigarettes and 50 cigars and 500 g tobacco
  • 2.5 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The following products may not be imported or only with a special permit:

  • Meat and meat products of all kinds
  • Animal products of all kinds
  • fruit and vegetables
  • plants
  • Drugs
  • weapons
  • pornographic material

Travel advice

There are still many minefields in the border regions with Bolivia and Peru. Some beach areas are also mined and mines are washed ashore.

You should therefore not leave paved roads and take the relevant signs seriously.

Behavioral advice

Theft is a major problem across the country. These are often committed with the use of force.

Overall, great caution is required.

Economy

As one of the leading industrial nations in Latin America, Chile is known in the economic sector as a supplier of copper.

The largest copper deposits on earth can be found here.

In addition to the export of other mineral resources, the export of copper and copper products is one of the country’s largest foreign exchange earners.

Industries: mining, fishing, wood processing, metal processing, textiles, cement

Natural resources: precious metals, iron ore, natural gas, oil, gold, wood, copper, nitrates, silver, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 5%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 18%
  • Forests: 22%
  • other: 55%

Plants

The country, which is only 200 km wide and 4,300 km long, offers a wide variety of climatic and vegetation zones.

Several thousand different types of plants and shrubs are common. Many of these are unique to Chile.

Animals

The fauna of Chile on land is less pronounced than in other South American countries.

Many animals that otherwise live in the forests cannot be found here. However, there are several small native animal species.

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