Central African Republic Guide

Central African Republic Guide

Central African Republic – country information

Country name Central African Republic
Official name Central African Republic
Capital Bangui
continent Africa
Area 622,984 km
Population 4 616 000 (2013)
Foundation of a state 13. 8. 1960
The highest mountains Mount Gaou 1420 m
Longest rivers Ubangi 2250 km (in the country 750 km)
State system a republic with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Bangui (capital) 775,000, Bambari 75,000
Official language French, Sango
Ethnicity/National Composition Bands 30%, Bays 25%, Ngbandis 10.5%, Azands 9.8%, Saras 6.8%, Mbaks 4.1%, Mbumas 4%, Karas 2.2%, others 7.6%
Religious affiliation Protestant 40%, Roman Catholic 28%, Traditional Faith 24%, Muslim 8%
Currency 1 CFA franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
gross domestic product (GDP) US$851 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 43.54 let (2006)

Central African Republic – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Populace
Chad N’Djamena 1,284,000 km 12 825 000
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 2,344,860 km 67 514 000
South Sudan Juba 644 329 km 10 625 176
Cameroon Yaounde 475 442 km 20 386 799
Kongo Brazzaville 342 000 km 4 448 000
Sudan Khartoum 2,505,810 km 37 964 000

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, the Central African Republic is a landlocked country in the middle of the continent between Cameroon, Congo, Zaire, Sudan and Chad.

Country data

Location: Central Africa

Time zone: CET (during summer time: CET – 1)

Total area: 622,984 km²

Land area: 622,984 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 5,920 km

Bordering countries:
Cameroon: 901 km
Congo: 487 km
Congo, Democratic Rep.: 1,747 km
Sudan: 174 km
South Sudan: 1,055 km
Chad: 1,556 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Bangui

Prefectures: 17
Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui, Basse-Kotto, Gribingui, Haute-Kotto, Haute-Sangha, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo-Gribingui, Lobaye, Mbomou, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha, Vakaga

Telephone code: 00 236 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m


Population: approx. 5.3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 8.5

Life expectancy: 50 (male), 53 (female)

Official language: French, Sango


  • 35% Protestants
  • 25% Roman Catholic
  • 15% Muslim
  • 25% other


In the tropical climate zone that stretches across the country, it is hot all year round. The temperatures are between 24 ° C and 35 ° C.

The dry season (December – April) is particularly pronounced in the north and the center of the country. The rainy season continues in the remaining months.

Central African Republic

Due to the sometimes very high humidity, life can be very stressful for people who are only used to European climates.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: CFA franc (XAF)

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: Not accepted.

Regulations: There is no limit to the amount of national currency that can be imported and up to an amount of 75,000 XAF.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import. There is an obligation to declare from an equivalent value of 25,000 XAF.

The central bank has stopped exchanging the local currency and is not possible.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 1,000 cigarettes or 250 cigars or 2,000 g tobacco (women are only allowed to import cigarettes)
  • small amounts of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

All technical devices and objects of value must be declared upon entry to ensure that they are exported again.

Travel advice

Because of the constantly flaring up fighting, the very poor security situation and the high level of violent crime, people are warned against traveling to the Central African Republic.

For security reasons, Bangui Airport may be closed to air traffic from time to time.

There are repeated failures in the electricity and water supply and severe restrictions in the supply of the population.

The German embassy in the capital Bangui is closed.

Behavioral advice

It is forbidden to photograph or film any public building, airport, military facility or unclothed person.

You should also be very careful when recording what is known as African life.


The largest employer in the country is agriculture. Products (cotton, millet, coffee, rubber, corn, cassava, yams) are produced here that go beyond the company’s own needs.

Other export goods are tropical woods, gold and diamonds.

Industries: diamond mining, wood processing, textiles

Natural resources: diamonds, gold, petroleum, wood, uranium, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 3%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area:%
  • Forests: 75%
  • other: 17%


Due to the tropical humid climate in the south of the country, the rainforest is at home here.

In the middle of the country there are large regions of wet savannah, which merges to the north into a dry savannah region, consisting of thorn bushes and small areas of grass.

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