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Category: South America

Chile History Timeline

Chile History Timeline

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country on the southwest coast of South America between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean. Chile borders Argentina, Bolivia, Peru and the Strait of Drake. In addition to the mainland area, Chile includes some Pacific islands, and the country has a territorial claim of 1.25 million km² of Antarctica ; however, these requirements are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. Spain conquered and settled Chile in the middle of the 16th century, thereby…

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Working and Living in Bolivia

Working and Living in Bolivia

In 2020, 126 Germans officially emigrated to Bolivia and 250 returned to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 1,910 Germans officially emigrated to Bolivia and 2,420 moved back to Germany. Bolivia is shaped by the chains of the Andes, the height of which reaches over 6,500 m. In between lies the central highlands, the 3,000 to 4,000 m high Altiplano. Around 80 percent of all Bolivians live here. The idyllic Lake Titicaca, the highest lake in…

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Peru Country Information

Peru Country Information

The name “Peru” probably comes from the troops of the Spaniards who moved through the small landscape of “Biru” and transferred their names to the whole country, from which “Peru” developed over time. For the Incas, the country was called “Tahuantin-suyu” – “four provinces”, since they had divided their great empire in four provinces. Location With an area of ​​1,285,220 square kilometers, Peru is the third largest country in South America and the largest of the Andean countries. Peru shares…

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Chile Country Information

Chile Country Information

The name of the Republic of Chile almost certainly comes from the native language, in which ‘chili’ means “land at the end of the world”. Location Chile stretches for a total of 4,300 km along the Pacific coast to the Strait of Magellan and the notorious Cape Horn. The mean width of the country is on average around 190 km, in some places even only 90 km. In the north, the west-east extension is greatest at 450 km. Chile’s neighbors…

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Venezuela History

Venezuela History

Struggle between dictatorship and democracy During the period of the dictatorship of General JV Gómez (1908–35, with interruptions), oil production developed into Venezuela’s economic base, supported by foreign capital investments. With the help of the state’s share in oil sales, Gómez reduced the national debt and stabilized the currency. Venezuela has benefited from the exploitation of its large oil reserves since the 1920s and has become one of the most modern Latin American states on this basis. In 1948 a…

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Venezuela Guide

Venezuela Guide

Country data Location: Northern South America Time zone: CET – 5.5 (during summer time: CET – 6.5) Total area: 912,050 km² Land area: 882,050 km² Water area: 30,000 km² Length of the state border: 4,993 km Bordering countries are accounted for: Brazil: 2,200 km Guyana: 743 km Colombia: 2,050 km Coastline: 2,800 km Capital: Caracas Regions: 25 Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Dependencias Federales, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa,…

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Uruguay Guide

Uruguay Guide

Country data Location: South America Time zone: CET – 4 (during summer time: CET – 5) Total area: 176,215 km² Land area: 175,015 km² Water area: 1,200 km² Length of the state border: 1,648 km Bordering countries: Argentina: 580 km Brazil: 1,068 km Coastline: 660 km Capital: Montevideo Departments: 19 Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres Electric current: 220 V / 50…

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Suriname Guide

Suriname Guide

Country data Location: South America Time zone: CET – 4 (during summer time: CET – 5) Total area: 163,820 km² Land area: 156,000 km² Water area: 7,820 km² Length of the state border: 1,703 km including: Brazil: 593 km French Guiana: 510 km Guyana: 600 km Coastline: 386 km Capital: Paramaribo Districts: 10 Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica Electric current: 130, 220 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 597 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Juliana…

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Peru Guide

Peru Guide

Country data Location: Western South America Time zone: CET – 6 (during European summer time, CET – 7) Total area: 1,285,216 km² Land area: 1,279,996 km² Water area: 5,220 km² Length of the state border: 7,461 km Bordering countries: Bolivia: 1,075 km Brazil: 2,995 km Chile: 171 km Ecuador: 1,420 km Colombia: 1,800 km Coastline: 2,414 km Capital: Lima Governorates: 25 Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de…

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Paraguay Guide

Paraguay Guide

Country data Location: Central South America Time zone: CET – 4 (during summer time: CET – 5) Total area: 406,752 km² Land area: 397,302 km² Water area: 9,450 km² Length of the state border: 3,995 km Bordering countries: Argentina: 1,880 km Bolivia: 750 km Brazil: 1,365 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Asunción Departments: 18 Alto Paraguay, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion (city), Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro Electric current: 220…

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Colombia Guide

Colombia Guide

Country data Location: Northern South America Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7) Total area: 1,138,910 km² Land area: 1,038,700 km² Water area: 100,210 km² Length of the state border: 6,672 km Bordering countries: Brazil: 1,790 km Ecuador: 708 km Panama: 339 km Peru: 1,494 km Venezuela: 2,341 km Coastline: 3,208 km Capital: Bogotá, DC Departments: 33 Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bolivar, Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca, Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira,…

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Guyana Guide

Guyana Guide

Country data Location: Northern South America Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 214,969 km² Land area: 196,849 km² Water area: 18,120 km² Length of the state border: 2,933 km Bordering countries are accounted for: Brazil: 1,308 km Suriname: 836 km Venezuela: 789 km Coastline: 459 km Capital: Georgetown Regions: 10 Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo Electric current: 110/220 V / 50/60 Hz…

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Ecuador Guide

Ecuador Guide

Country data Location: Western South America Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7) Total area: 283,561 km² Land area: 276,841 km² Water area: 6,720 km² Length of the state border: 2,237 km Bordering countries are accounted for: Colombia: 708 km Peru: 1,529 km Coastline: 2,237 km Capital: Quito Provinces: 24 Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Santa Elena, Santo Domingo de…

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Chile Guide

Chile Guide

Country data Location: South America Time zone: CET – 5th Total area: 756,102 km² Land area: 743,812 km² Water area: 12,290 km² Length of the state border: 7,801 km including: Argentina: 6,691 km Bolivia: 942 km Peru: 168 km Coastline: 6,435 km Capital: Santiago de Chile Regions: 15 Aysen, Antofagasta, Araucania, Arica y Parinacota, Atacama, Biobio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O’Higgins, Los Lagos, Los Rios, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Metropolitana Region (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso Electric current: 220…

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Brazil Guide

Brazil Guide

Country data Location: eastern South America Time zone: CET – 3 to -6 (during summer time: CET – 4 to -7) Total area: 8,514,877 km² Land area: 8,459,417 km² Water area: 55,460 km² Length of the state border: 16,145 km Bordering countries: Argentina: 1,263 km Bolivia: 3,403 km French Guiana: 649 km Guyana: 1,308 km Colombia: 1,790 km Paraguay: 1,371 km Peru: 2,659 km Suriname: 515 km Uruguay: 1,050 km Venezuela: 2,137 km Coastline: 7,491 km Capital: Brasilia Districts: 27…

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Bolivia Guide

Bolivia Guide

Country data Location: South America Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 1,098,580 km² Land area: 1,083,300 km² Water area: 15,280 km² Length of the state border: 7,252 km including: Argentina: 942 km Brazil: 3,403 km Chile: 942 km Paraguay: 753 km Peru: 1,212 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Sucre Regions: 9 Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Beni, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija Electric current: 110/220 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 591…

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