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Category: Oceania

For the complete list of nations in Oceania, please visit ethnicityology.com.

Climate and Weather of Gilbert Islands, Kiribati

Climate and Weather of Gilbert Islands, Kiribati

The climate of the Gilbert Islands According to citypopulationreview, the Gilbert Islands consist of 16 atolls in the western part of Kiribati. These atolls are Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Beru, Butaritari, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tamana, and Tarawa. Tarawa is by far the most important island, with the capital South Tarawa on it. Tarawa is Kiribati’s most populous atoll with nearly 30,000 inhabitants. The Gilbert Islands used to be part of the British colony of Gilbert…

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Australia – The Eastern Highlands

Australia – The Eastern Highlands

In most of the maps of Australia the so-called Great Dividing Range is eminently represented. The eastern highlands of Australia determine the watershed between the coastal side and the one that goes west to Lake Eyre and the mouth of the Murray. But the heights, examined closely, show that they do not constitute a chain at all, but a series of separate elements of very different origin. The watershed coincides with an orographic line important only in the area of…

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Australia Demographics 1933

Australia Demographics 1933

Population. – According to the census of June 1933, the population of the Commonwealth amounted to 6,629,839 residents, compared to 6,284,394 in 1928, with an absolute increase in the five-year period of 345,445 residents, and an annual percentage increase of 1.09. If we look at the figures of the individual states, it appears that the most conspicuous annual increases occurred in Northern and Central Australia (2.8%) and in the Federal Territory (2.3%), followed by Western Australia (1.9) and Tasmania (1.6),…

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Fiji State Overview

Fiji State Overview

Geography According to topschoolsintheusa, Fiji has an area of 18,270 km², which in terms of extension is similar to that of Slovenia or Kuwait. It is an archipelago of predominantly volcanic origin in the South Pacific, located about 4,450 km southwest of Honolulu and 1,770 km north of New Zealand. Its territory consists of 322 islands, of which about a third is inhabited. In addition, there are 522 other smaller islands. [18] Viti Levu and Vanua Levu are by far the…

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New Zealand History

New Zealand History

Settlement and colonization Traces of Maori settlement are archaeologically documented from the middle of the 14th century. The myths of the Maori tell of a Polynesian settlement between the middle and the end of the 1st millennium AD. In 1642 the Dutch navigator A. Tasman sighted the west coast of New Zealand. Dutch cartographers first named the country “Staten Landt”, later “Nieuw Zeeland” after a province in their homeland. In October 1769, the English explorer J. Cook set foot on…

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Australia Guide

Australia Guide

Australia – country information Country name Australia Official name Australian Union Capital Canberra continent Australia and Oceania Area 7,741,220 km Population 23 414 552 (2014) Foundation of a state 1. 1. 1901 The highest mountains Mount Kosciusko 2 230 m Longest rivers Murray-Darling 3 780 km State system a federal state – a constitutional monarchy – with a bicameral parliament The biggest cities Sydney 3,715,000, Melbourne 3,125,000, Perth 1,960,000 (conurbation), Brisbane 1,370,000, Adelaide 1,050,000, Newcastle 445,000, Canberra (capital) 318,000 Official…

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Fiji Guide

Fiji Guide

Fiji – country information Country name Fiji Official name Republic of Fiji Capital Suva Continent Australia and Oceania Area 18,274 km2 Population 858,038 (2012) Foundation of a state 10/10/1970 The highest mountains Tomanivi (on Viti Levu) 1323 m State system a republic with multiple political parties and a bicameral parliament The biggest cities Suva (capital) 145,000, Lautoka 35,000 Official language English Ethnicity/National Composition Fijians 50%, Indians 45.5%, others 4.5% Religious affiliation Christian 53%, Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, Sikh 0.7%, other…

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Kiribati Guide

Kiribati Guide

Kiribati – country information Country name Kiribati Official name Republic of Kiribati Capital Tarawa Continent Australia and Oceania Area 726 km2 Population 106,461 (2013) Foundation of a state 7/12/1979 The highest mountains Banaba 81 m State system a republic without political parties with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Bairiki (Tarawa) (Capital) 27,000 Official language English Ethnicity/National Composition Kiribati 97.5%, mixed race (Kiribati with other) 1.5%, Tuvaluan 0.5%, European 0.2%, other 0.3% Religious affiliation Roman Catholics 53.5%, Kiribati Protestants (Congregationalists)…

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Marshall Islands Guide

Marshall Islands Guide

According to Abbreviationfinder, The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands, is an independent island country near the Equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line. Country data Location: North Pacific Ocean Time zone: CET + 11 (during summer time CET + 10) Total area: 181 km² Land area: 181 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 370 km Capital: Majuro Districts: 24 Ailinglaplap, Ailuk, Arno, Aur, Bikini &…

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Micronesia Guide

Micronesia Guide

Micronesia – country information Country name Micronesia Capital Palikir Continent Australia and Oceania Area 702 km2 Population 101,351 (2013) Foundation of a state 3/11/1986 gross domestic product (GDP) US$7,123 (2012) According to Abbreviationfinder, Micronesia is a country in the western Pacific north of the equator, composed of hundreds of islands in the Caroline Islands group; population 104,000 (estimated 2015); languages, English (official), Austronesian languages; capital, Palikir. The islands were administered by the US as part of the Trust Territory of…

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Nauru Guide

Nauru Guide

Nauru – country information Country name Nauru Official name Republic of Nauru Capital Yaren Continent Australia and Oceania Area 21 km2 Population 9,945 (2011) Foundation of a state 31/1/1968 The highest mountains highest point 69 m State system a republic without political parties with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Yaren (capital) 600 Official language Nauru, English Ethnicity/National Composition Nauruans 65.5%, other Pacific Islanders 25%, Chinese 7.5%, other 2% Religious affiliation Protestants 58%, Roman Catholics 24%, others 18% Currency 1…

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New Zealand Guide

New Zealand Guide

New Zealand – country information Country name New Zealand Official name New Zealand Capital Wellington Continent Australia and Oceania Area 270,534 km2 Population 4,518,330 (2014) Foundation of a state 9/26/1907 The highest mountains Mount Cook 3764m (South Island), Ruapehu 2797m (North Island) The largest lakes Taupo 606 km2 State system a constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Auckland 895,000 (conurbation), Christchurch 310,000, Wellington (capital city) 260,000 Official language English, Maori Ethnicity/National Composition European 73.8%, Maori 9.6%, Polynesian…

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Palau Guide

Palau Guide

Palau – information about the country Country name Palau Capital Ngerulmud Continent Australia and Oceania Area 459 km2 Population 20,901 (2013) Foundation of a state 1/10/1994 gross domestic product (GDP) US$23,053 (2012) According to Abbreviationfinder, Palau (Belau) is an island nation associated with the United States in the Philippine Sea of ​​the Pacific Ocean and is part of Micronesia. The capital is Melekeok. The official language is English, Palauan. Currency – US dollar. Religion – Catholicism. The average temperature on…

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Solomon Islands Guide

Solomon Islands Guide

Solomon Islands – country information Country name Solomon Islands Official name Solomon Islands Capital Honiara Continent Australia and Oceania Area 28,896 km2 Population 581,344 (2013) Foundation of a state 7/7/1978 The highest mountains Popomanaseu (Guadalcanal) 2381 m State system pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Honiara (Guadalcanal) (Capital) 45,000 Official language English Ethnicity/National Composition Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3.7%, other Pacific Islander 1.3%, European 0.3%, Asian 0.2% Religious affiliation Protestant 77.5%, Roman Catholic 19.2%, Baha’i 0.4%, other…

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Samoa Guide

Samoa Guide

Samoa – country information Country name Samoa Official name The Independent State of Samoa Capital Apia continent Australia and Oceania Area 2,831 km Population 187 820 (2011) Foundation of a state 1. 1. 1962 The highest mountains Silisili (na Savaii) 1858 m State system a constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Apia (on the island of Upolu) (capital) 50,000 Official language Samoan, English Ethnicity/National Composition Samoans (Polynesians) 89%, half-breeds 10%, Europeans 1% Religious affiliation Protestant 63.5%, Roman…

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Tonga Guide

Tonga Guide

Tonga – country information Country name Tonga Official name Kingdom of Tonga Capital Nuku’alofa Continent Australia and Oceania Area 747 km2 Population 103,036 (2011) Foundation of a state 4/6/1970 The highest mountains highest point 1030 m (on Kao Island) State system a constitutional monarchy without political parties with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Nuku’alofa (On Tongatapu) (Capital) 35,000 Official language Tongan, English Ethnicity/National Composition Tongans 95.5%, mixed with Tongans 2.8%, others 1.7% Religious affiliation Protestant 61.5%, Roman Catholic 16%,…

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Tuvalu Guide

Tuvalu Guide

Tuvalu – country information Country name Tuvalu Official name Tuvalu Capital Funafuti Continent Australia and Oceania Area 26 km2 Population 11,323 (2013) Foundation of a state 1/10/1978 State system a constitutional monarchy without political parties with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Fongafale (Funafuti) (Capital) 3800 Official language Tuvaluan, English Ethnicity/National Composition Tuvaluans (Polynesians) 92%, half-breeds 7.5%, others 0.5% Religious affiliation Tuval Protestants (Congregationalists) 97%, Adventists 1.4%, Baha’is 1%, others 0.6% Currency 1 Tuvalu dollar (=) = 100 cents gross…

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Vanuatu Guide

Vanuatu Guide

Vanuatu – country information Country name Vanuatu Official name Republic of Vanuatu Capital Port Vila Continent Australia and Oceania Area 12,189 km2 Population 264,652 (2013) Foundation of a state 30/07/1980 The highest mountains Tabwémanasana (at Espíritu Santo) 1879 m State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Port-Vila (Capital) 25,000 Official language Bislamic, French, English Ethnicity/National Composition Vanuatu 98%, others 2% Religious affiliation Presbyterians 37%, Anglicans 15.2%, Roman Catholics 14.8%, Other Christians 15%, Animists 7.5%, No…

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Papua New Guinea Guide

Papua New Guinea Guide

Papua New Guinea – country information Country name Papua New Guinea Official name Independent State of Papua New Guinea Capital Port Moresby Continent Australia and Oceania Area 462,840 km2 Population 7,398,500 (2013) Foundation of a state 16/09/1975 The highest mountains Mount Wilhelm 4508 m Longest rivers Sepik 1000 km State system pluralistic constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament The biggest cities Port Moresby (capital) 210,000, Lae 90,000, Rabaul 80,000, Madang 50,000 Official language English Ethnicity/National Composition Papuans 85%, Melanesians 14%,…

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