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Category: Central America

Belize Wildlife and Economy

Belize Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What animals live in Belize? The largest predator in Belize is the jaguar. Its relatives such as the jaguarundi, the puma and the ocelot are smaller. Other predators are the gray fox, the coyote, the Central American cat frett, the long-tailed weasel and the tayra. The Eastern Spotted Skunk is just as indigenous to Belize as the Central American tapir, also known as the Baird tapir. The tapir is the largest mammal in Belize and is considered…

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El Salvador Wildlife and Economy

El Salvador Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants Which animals live in El Salvador? There are hardly any habitats left in El Salvador for larger mammals. However, pumas, ocelots, jaguarundis, wrapped bears and anteaters still live in the country. Squirrels, porcupines, pakas and skunks can also be seen. Coat howler monkeys, nine-banded armadillos, and whitebearded peccaries are other residents of the country. The bird world is particularly rich in species. The torogoz is the national bird of El Salvador. It is just as colorful as…

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Guatemala Wildlife and Economy

Guatemala Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants Animals and Plants in Guatemala The many landscapes of Guatemala such as coast, mountains and lowlands have produced a great diversity of species. There are also many endemic species, that is, species that are only found here and nowhere else in the world. The wildlife of Guatemala A variety of animals live in the forests of Guatemala. This includes, for example, the jaguar, which has become rare. Other predators are the puma, the ocelot, the jaguarundi, the…

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Haiti Wildlife and Economy

Haiti Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants Haiti’s nature – a problem case Haiti used to be covered with tropical rainforest. Then the trees were cut down because they wanted land for fields and also to obtain firewood and charcoal. But due to the lack of plants, the soil was now unprotected. Erosion spread. The fertile topsoil is washed away by the rain, and soon nothing grows there anymore. In the photo on the left you can see the border to the Dominican Republic….

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Antigua and Barbuda Guide

Antigua and Barbuda Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 442 km² Land area: 442 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 153 km Capital: Saint John’s Parishes: 8 Barbuda, Redonda, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip Electric current: 110/220 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 1268 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m Population Population: approx. 91,300 residents…

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Bahamas Guide

Bahamas Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time CET – 7) Total area: 13,880 km² Land area: 10,010 km² Water area: 3,870 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 3,542 km Capital: Nassau Districts: 31 Acklins Islands, Berry Islands, Bimini, Black Point, Cat Island, Central Abaco, Central Andros, Central Eleuthera, City of Freeport, Crooked Island and Long Cay, East Grand Bahama, Exuma, Grand Cay, Harbor Island, Hope Town, Inagua, Long Island, Mangrove Cay, Mayaguana,…

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Barbados Guide

Barbados Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 430 km² Land area: 430 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 97 km Capital: Bridgetown Parishes: 12 Bridgetown, Christ Church, Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas Electric current: 110 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 1246 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Mount…

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Dominica Guide

Dominica Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 751 km² Land area: 751 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 148 km Capital: Roseau Parishes: 10 Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter Electric current: 220, 240 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 1767 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Morne Diablotins 1,447…

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Dominican Republic Guide

Dominican Republic Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 48,670 km² Land area: 48,320 km² Water area: 350 km² Length of the state border: 376 km Bordering countries: Haiti: 376 km Coastline: 1,288 km Capital: Santo Domingo Provinces: 10 Cibao Nordeste, Cibao Noroeste, Cibao Norte, Cibao Sur, El Valle, Enriquillo, Higuamo, Ozama, Valdesia, Yuma Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 1809 and 00 1829 and 00 1849 (Source:…

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Grenada Guide

Grenada Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 344 km² Land area: 344 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 121 km Capital: St. George’s Regions: 7 Carriacou and Petit Martinique, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick Electric current: 230 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 1473 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m Population Population:…

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Haiti Guide

Haiti Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time CET – 6) Total area: 27,750 km² Land area: 27,560 km² Water area: 190 km² Length of the state border: 376 km Bordering countries are allocated to: Dominican Republic: 376 km Coastline: 1,771 km Capital: Port-au-Prince Districts: 10 Artibonite, Center, Grand’Anse, Nippes, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 509 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680…

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Jamaica Guide

Jamaica Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7) Total area: 10,991 km² Land area: 10,831 km² Water area: 160 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 1,022 km Capital: Kingston Parishes: 14 Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland Electricity: 110, 220 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 1876 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Blue Mountain Peak…

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Cuba Guide

Cuba Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time CET – 6) Total area: 110,860 km² Land area: 109,820 km² Water area: 1,040 km² Length of the state border: 29 km Bordering countries apply to: USA: 29 km (through the US base on Guantanamo Bay) Coastline: 3,735 km Capital: Havana Provinces: 15 Camaguey, Ciego de Avila, Cienfuegos, Ciudad de La Habana, Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de la Juventud, La Habana, Las Tunas, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti…

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Trinidad and Tobago Guide

Trinidad and Tobago Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 5,128 km² Land area: 5,128 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 362 km Capital: Port of Spain Regions: 15 Arima, Chaguanas, Couva / Tabaquite / Talparo, Diego Martin, Mayaro / Rio Claro, Penal / Debe, Point Fortin, Port of Spain, Princes Town, San Fernando, San Juan / Laventille, Sangre Grande, Siparia, Tobago, Tunapuna / Piarco Electric…

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St. Vincent Guide

St. Vincent Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7) Total area: 389 km² Land area: 389 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 84 km Capital: Kingstown Districts: 6 Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick Electricity: 110, 220 V / 50, 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 1784 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m Population Population: approx. 103,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021) Population growth: -0.3%…

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St. Lucia Guide

St. Lucia Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 616 km² Land area: 606 km² Water area: 10 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 158 km Capital: Castries Districts: 10 Anse-la-Raye, Canaries, Castries, Choiseul, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 1758 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m Population Population: approx. 163,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021) Population growth: 0.3%…

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St. Kitts and Nevis Guide

St. Kitts and Nevis Guide

Country data Location: Caribbean Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6) Total area: 261 km² Land area: 261 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 135 km Capital: Basseterre Districts: 14 Christ Church Nichola Town, St. Anne Sandy Point, St. George Basseterre, St. George Gingerland, St. James Windward, St. John Capisterre, St. John Figtree, St. Mary Cayon, St. Paul Capisterre, St Paul Charlestown, St. Peter Basseterre, St. Thomas Lowland, St….

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Panama Guide

Panama Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 6 (during summer time: CET – 7) Total area: 74,420 km² Land area: 74,340 km² Water area: 1,080 km² Length of the state border: 555 km including: Costa Rica: 330 km Colombia: 225 km Coastline: 2,490 km Capital: Panama City Provinces: 13 Bocas del Toro, Chiriqui, Cocle, Colon, Darien, Embera-Wounaan, Herrera, Kuna Yala, Los Santos, Ngobe-Bugle, Panama, Panama Oeste, Veraguas Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 507…

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Nicaragua Guide

Nicaragua Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 7 (during summer time: CET – 8) Total area: 130,370 km² Land area: 119,990 km² Water area: 10,380 km² Length of the state border: 1,231 km including: Costa Rica: 309 km Honduras: 922 km Coastline: 910 km Capital: Managua Departments: 17 Atlantico Norte, Atlantico Sur, Boaco, Carazo, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotega, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan, Rivas Electric current: 110, 220 V / 60 Hz…

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Honduras Guide

Honduras Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 7 (during summer time: CET – 8) Total area: 112,090 km² Land area: 111,890 km² Water area: 200 km² Length of the state border: 1,575 km Bordering countries: El Salvador: 391 km Guatemala: 244 km Nicaragua: 940 km Coastline: 832 km Capital: Tegucigalpa Regions: 18 Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle,…

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Guatemala Guide

Guatemala Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 7 (during summer time: CET – 8) Total area: 108,889 km² Land area: 107,159 km² Water area: 1,730 km² Length of the state border: 1,667 km including: Belize: 266 km El Salvador: 199 km Honduras: 244 km Mexico: 958 km Coastline: 400 km Capital: Guatemala City Regions: 22 Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa,…

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El Salvador Guide

El Salvador Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 7 (during summer time: CET – 8) Total area: 21,041 km² Land area: 20,721 km² Water area: 320 km² Length of the state border: 590 km Bordering countries: Guatemala: 199 km Honduras: 391 km Coastline: 307 km Capital: San Salvador Regions: 14 Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente, Sonsonate, Usulutan Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz Telephone…

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Costa Rica Guide

Costa Rica Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 7 (during summer time: CET – 8) Total area: 51,100 km² Land area: 51,060 km² Water area: 40 km² Length of the state border: 661 km Bordering countries: Nicaragua: 313 km Panama: 348 km Coastline: 1,290 km Capital: San José Provinces: 7 Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limon, Puntarenas, San Jose Electric current: 110/220 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 506 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,810 m Population Population:…

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Belize Guide

Belize Guide

Country data Location: Central America Time zone: CET – 7 (during summer time: CET – 8) Total area: 22,966 km² Land area: 22,806 km² Water area: 160 km² Length of the state border: 542 km including: Guatemala: 266 km Mexico: 276 km Coastline: 386 km Capital: Belmopan Districts: 6 Belize, Cayo, Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek, Toledo Electric current: 110 V / 60 Hz Telephone code: 00 501 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Doyle’s Delight Population Population: approx. 340,000 residents (Countryaah,…

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