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Category: Africa

Kenya Plants and Economy

Kenya Plants and Economy

What is a liver sausage tree? The semi-desert makes up a large part of Kenya. There is almost no precipitation here and only plants that can cope with it can survive here. Acacias and various thorn bushes succeed in this. The flute acacia in particular is known for the semi-desert. In central and southern Kenya you will mainly find umbrella and flute acacias. A very special tree is also the baobab tree, which can reach a height of 20 meters…

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Niger Wildlife and Economy

Niger Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants Nature in Niger Niger is largely located in the desert, in the Sahara. The south lies in the still very dry Sahel zone. In such a barren landscape, the flora and fauna are correspondingly barren and not very rich in species. But there are areas in Niger where things look different, for example in the Aïr Mountains or in the fertile south-west. Which animals live in Niger? The animal inhabitants of Niger are the desert fox fennec,…

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Togo History and Politics

Togo History and Politics

Prehistoric time to the Middle Ages Where the state of Togo is today, people lived as early as the Stone Age, first as hunters and gatherers, later as settled farmers. From the 15th century on, tribes who came to this area settled here. These tribes include the Ewe and Yoruba, who immigrated from the east (today Benin and Nigeria) and whose peoples still live in Togo today. Other tribes such as the Mina and Fanti immigrated from the west. Beginning…

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Tunisia History and Politics

Tunisia History and Politics

Carthage, its destruction and the consequences Originally the area of ​​what is now Tunisia was settled by the Berbers. In the north of the country lies the capital of Tunisia, which is called Tunis. It is very close to a famous ancient city, namely Carthage. Carthage was once the capital of the Phoenicians. You also sometimes hear the term “Punic” or “Carthaginian”. The Phoenicians probably founded the city in 814 BC. BC and established a world empire based primarily on…

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Republic of the Congo Guide

Republic of the Congo Guide

Country data Location: CET (during summer time CET – 1) Time zone: unknown Total area: 342,000 km km² Land area: 341,500 km² Water area: 500 km² Length of the state border: 5,008 km Bordering countries: Angola: 231 km Gabon: 2,567 km Cameroon: 494 km Congo, Democratic Rep.: 1,229 km Central African Republic: 487 km Coastline: 169 km Capital: Brazzaville Governorates: 12 Bouenza, Brazzaville, Cuvette, Cuvette-Ouest, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pointe-Noire, Pool, Sangha Telephone code: 00 242 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest…

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Democratic Republic of the Congo Guide

Democratic Republic of the Congo Guide

Country data Location: Central Africa Time zone (west): CET (during summer time CET – 1) Time zone (country east): CET + 1 (during summer time CET) Total area: 2,344,858 km² Land area: 2,267,048 km² Water area: 77,810 km² Length of the state border: 10,481 km Bordering countries: Angola: 2,646 km Burundi: 236 km Congo: 1,229 km Rwanda: 221 km Zambia: 2,332 km South Sudan: 714 km Tanzania: 479 km Uganda: 877 km Central African Republic: 1,747 km Coastline: 37 km…

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Lesotho Guide

Lesotho Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 30,355 km² Land area: 30,355 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 909 km including: South Africa: 909 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Maseru Districts: 10 Berea, Butha-Buthe, Leribe, Mafeteng, Maseru, Mohales Hoek, Mokhotlong, Qacha’s Nek, Quthing, Thaba-Tseka Telephone code: 00 266 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m Population Population: approx. 2 million residents (Countryaah, 2021) Population growth: 0.3%…

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Liberia Guide

Liberia Guide

Country data Location: West Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2) Total area: 111,369 km² Land area: 96,320 km² Water area: 15,049 km² Length of the state border: 1,585 km Bordering countries are accounted for: Ivory Coast / Côte d’Ivoire: 716 km Guinea: 563 km Sierra Leone: 306 km Coastline: 579 km Capital: Monrovia Regions: 15 Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess,…

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Libya Guide

Libya Guide

Country data Location: North Africa Time zone: CET Total area: 1,759,540 km² Land area: 1,759,540 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 4,348 km Bordering countries: Egypt: 1,115 km Algeria: 982 km Niger: 354 km Sudan: 383 km Chad: 1,055 km Tunisia: 459 km Coastline: 1,770 km Capital: Tripoli Districts: 22 Al Butnan, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jabal al Gharbi, Al Jafarah, Al Jufrah, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Marqab, Al Wahat, An Nuqat al Khams,…

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Madagascar Guide

Madagascar Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 1) Total area: 587,041 km² Land area: 581,540 km² Water area: 5,501 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 4,828 km Capital: Antananarivo Provinces: 6 Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, ​​Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara Electricity: 110, 220 V / 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 261 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m Population Population: approx. 23.2 million residents (Countryaah, 2021) Population growth: 2.6% per year Population…

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Malawi Guide

Malawi Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 118,484 km² Land area: 94,080 km² Water area: 24,404 km² Length of the state border: 2,881 km Bordering countries: Mozambique: 1,569 km Zambia: 837 km Tanzania: 475 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Lilongwe Regions: 28 Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Neno, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba Telephone…

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Mali Guide

Mali Guide

Country data Location: West Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2) Total area: 1,240,192 km² Land area: 1,220,190 km² Water area: 20,002 km² Length of the state border: 7,243 km Bordering countries: Algeria: 1,376 km Burkina Faso: 1,000 km Ivory Coast / Côte d’Ivoire: 532 km Guinea: 858 km Mauritania: 2,237 km Niger: 821 km Senegal: 419 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Bamako Regions: 9 District de Bamako, Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso,…

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Morocco Guide

Morocco Guide

Country data Location: North Africa Time zone: CET -1 Total area: 446,550 km² Land area: 446,300 km² Water area: 250 km² Length of the state border: 2,020 km Bordering countries are accounted for: Algeria: 1,559 km Spain: 20 km Western Sahara: 443 km Coastline: 1,835 km Capital: Rabat Provinces: 15 Grand Casablanca, Chaouia-Ouardigha, Doukkala-Abda, Fes-Boulemane, Gharb-Chrarda-Beni Hssen, Guelmim-Es Smara, Laayoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra, Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz, Meknes-Tafilalet, Oriental, Rabat-Sale-Zemmour-Zaer, Souss-Massa-Draa, Tadla-Azilal, Tanger-Tetouan, Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Telephone code: 00 212 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point:…

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Mauritania Guide

Mauritania Guide

Country data Location: North Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2) Total area: 1,030,700 km² Land area: 1,030,700 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 5,074 km including: Algeria: 463 km Mali: 2,237 km Senegal: 813 km Western Sahara: 1,561 km Coastline: 754 km Capital: Nouakchott Regions: 13 Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza Telephone code: 00 222 (Source:…

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Mauritius Guide

Mauritius Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 3 (during summer time: CET + 2) Total area: 2,040 km² Land area: 2,030 km² Water area: 10 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 177 km Capital: Port Louis Districts: 12 Agalega Island, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues, Savanne Electric current: 220 V, 50 Hz Telephone code: 00 230 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Mont Piton…

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Mozambique Guide

Mozambique Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 799,380 km² Land area: 786,380 km² Water area: 13,000 km² Length of the state border: 4,571 km Bordering countries: Malawi: 1,569 km Zambia: 419 km Zimbabwe: 1,231 km South Africa: 491 km Swaziland: 105 km Tanzania: 756 km Coastline: 2,470 km Capital: Maputo Provinces: 10 Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia Telephone code: 00 258 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point:…

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Namibia Guide

Namibia Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 1 Total area: 824,292 km² Land area: 823,290 km² Water area: 1,002 km² Length of the state border: 3,936 km Bordering countries: Angola: 1,376 km Botswana: 1,360 km Zambia: 233 km South Africa: 967 km Coastline: 1,572 km Capital: Windhoek Regions: 14 Erongo, Hardap, Karas, Kavango East, Kavango West, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa, Zambezi Telephone code: 00 264 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Königstein 2,606 m Population Population:…

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Niger Guide

Niger Guide

Country data Location: Africa Time zone: CET (during summer time: CET – 1) Total area: 1,267,000 km² Land area: 1,266,700 km² Water area: 300 km² Length of the state border: 5,697 km Bordering countries account for: Algeria: 956 km Benin: 266 km Burkina Faso: 628 km Libya: 354 km Mali: 821 km Nigeria: 1,497 km Chad: 1,175 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Niamey Regions: 8 Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder Telephone code: 00 227 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest…

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Nigeria Guide

Nigeria Guide

Country data Location: West Africa Time zone: CET (during summer time: CET – 1) Total area: 923,768 km² Land area: 910,768 km² Water area: 13,000 km² Length of the state border: 4,047 km Bordering countries: Benin: 773 km Cameroon: 1,690 km Niger: 1,497 km Chad: 87 km Coastline: 853 km Capital: Abuja Regions: 37 Abia, Abuja, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara,…

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Rwanda Guide

Rwanda Guide

Country data Location: Central Africa Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 26,338 km² Land area: 24,668 km² Water area: 1,670 km² Length of the state border: 893 km Bordering countries: Burundi: 290 km Congo, Democratic Rep.: 217 km Tanzania: 217 km Uganda: 169 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Kigali Provinces: 5 Est (East), Kigali, North (North), Ouest (West), Sud (South) Telephone code: 00 250 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m Population Population: approx….

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Zambia Guide

Zambia Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 752,618 km² Land area: 743,398 km² Water area: 9,220 km² Length of the state border: 5,664 km Bordering countries: Angola: 1,110 km Botswana: 0.1 km Congo, Democratic Rep.: 1,930 km Malawi: 837 km Mozambique: 419 km Namibia: 233 km Zimbabwe: 797 km Tanzania: 338 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Lusaka Provinces: 10 Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Muchinga, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western Telephone code:…

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Sao Tome and Principe Guide

Sao Tome and Principe Guide

Country data Location: West Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2) Total area: 964 km² Land area: 964 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 209 km Capital: São Tomé Provinces: 2 (Principe, Sao Tome) Telephone code: 00 239 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m Population Population: approx. 190,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021) Population growth: 1.9% per year Population density (residents per km²): 197 Life expectancy:…

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Senegal Guide

Senegal Guide

Country data Location: West Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2) Total area: 196,722 km² Land area: 192,530 km² Water area: 4,192 km² Length of the state border: 2,640 km Bordering countries: Gambia: 740 km Guinea: 330 km Guinea-Bissau: 338 km Mali: 419 km Mauritania: 813 km Coastline: 531 km Capital: Dakar Regions: 14 Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor Telephone code: 00 221 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest…

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Seychelles Guide

Seychelles Guide

Country data Location: East Africa Time zone: CET + 3 (during summer time: CET + 2) Total area: 455 km² Land area: 455 km² Water area: 0 km² Length of the state border: 0 km Coastline: 491 km Capital: Victoria Regions: 25 Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Royale, Au Cap, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand Anse Mahe, Grand Anse Praslin, Inner Islands, La Riviere Anglaise, Les Mamalles, Mont…

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Sierra Leone Guide

Sierra Leone Guide

Country data Location: West Africa Time zone: CET – 1 (during summer time: CET – 2) Total area: 71,740 km² Land area: 71,620 km² Water area: 120 km² Length of the state border: 958 km Bordering countries: Guinea: 652 km Liberia: 306 km Coastline: 402 km Capital: Freetown Provinces: 4 Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western Telephone code: 00 232 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m Population Population: approx. 5.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021) Population growth: 2.3% per year…

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Zimbabwe Guide

Zimbabwe Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 390,757 km² Land area: 386,847 km² Water area: 3,910 km² Length of the state border: 3,066 km Bordering countries: Botswana: 813 km Mozambique: 1,231 km Zambia: 797 km South Africa: 225 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Harare Provinces: 10 Bulawayo, Harare, Manicaland, Central Mashonaland, East Mashonaland, West Mashonaland, Masvingo, North Matabeleland, South Matabeleland, Midlands Telephone code: 00 263 (Source: Allcitycodes) Highest point: Inyangani 2,592…

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Somalia Guide

Somalia Guide

Country data Location: East Africa Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 1) Total area: 637,657 km² Land area: 627,337 km² Water area: 10,320 km² Length of the state border: 2,340 km Bordering countries are accounted for: Ethiopia: 1,600 km Djibouti: 58 km Kenya: 682 km Coastline: 2,340 km Capital: Mogadishu Regions: 18 Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed Telephone…

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South Sudan Guide

South Sudan Guide

Country data Location: Eastern Central Africa Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 3) Total area: 644,329 km² Length of the state border: 5,413 km Bordering countries apply to: Ethiopia: 934 km Kenya: 232 km Congo, Democratic Rep.: 639 km Sudan: 2,184 km Uganda: 435 km Central Africa. Rep.: 989 km Coastline: 0 km Capital: Juba States: 10 Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western…

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South Africa Guide

South Africa Guide

Country data Location: South Africa Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET) Total area: 1,219,090 km² Land area: 1,214,470 km² Water area: 4,620 km² Length of the state border: 4,862 km Bordering countries: Botswana: 1,840 km Lesotho: 909 km Mozambique: 491 km Namibia: 967 km Zimbabwe: 225 km Swaziland: 430 km Coastline: 2,798 km Capital: Pretoria Provinces: 9 Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, North-West, Northern Cape, Northern Province, Western Cape Telephone code: 00 27 (Source: Allcitycodes)…

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Sudan Guide

Sudan Guide

Country data Location: North Africa Time zone: CET + 2 (during summer time: CET + 1) Total area: 1,861,484 km² Length of the state border: 6,751 km Bordering countries: Egypt: 1,275 km Ethiopia: 769 km Eritrea: 605 km Libya: 383 km South Sudan: 2,184 km Chad: 1,360 km Central African Republic: 175 km Coastline: 853 km Capital: Khartoum Regions: 17 Al Bahr al Ahmar (Red Sea), Al Jazira (Gezira), Al Khartoum (Khartoum), Al Qadarif (Gedaref), An Nil al Abyad (White…

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