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Category: Africa

For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit ethnicityology.com.

Climate and Weather of Smara, Western Sahara

Climate and Weather of Smara, Western Sahara

The climate of Smara Smara is located in the north of Western Sahara, in the province of Es-Semara. It is the largest city and the capital in this province. Smara was founded in the mid-19th century as an oasis for travellers. It is one of the few cities in Western Sahara that was not founded by the Spaniards. Smara is now run by the Moroccan government and is located on the Moroccan side of the Moroccan barrier. According to PHONEJUST.COM,…

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Climate and Weather of Hurghada, Egypt

Climate and Weather of Hurghada, Egypt

The climate of Hurghada According to topschoolsintheusa.com, the seaside resort of Hurghada is located in the most touristic region of Egypt . The warm desert climate ensures that the rainfall is negligible and the sun puts a heavy stamp on the weather in the summer months. The winters are a lot more pleasant and therefore the best time to visit Hurghada. Water sports are also rampant here and are therefore represented on all fronts, but are most focused on diving…

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Cities and Resorts in Reunion, France

Cities and Resorts in Reunion, France

Saint-Denis Saint-Denis is the capital of the island and the largest city in the overseas departments of France. It is located on the northern tip of Reunion Island and is surrounded by mountains on three sides. In the eastern part of Saint-Denis is the Baracho district. This is a great place for walking and relaxing – there are restaurants, bars and cafes, shops and markets. Not far from here is the Botanical Garden, where more than 50 species of trees…

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Zimbabwe Population and Economy

Zimbabwe Population and Economy

Population, society and rights Since the country has achieved independence, the composition of the population has significantly changed due to the various migratory waves that have followed one another. Of the 275,000 whites who resided in the country before the land reform, only a few thousand remain, with negative consequences on skilled human resources and in terms of expertise both in the agricultural field and in the manufacturing sector. Violent clashes between black state-backed occupants of farmland and often persecuted…

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Morocco Resorts and Attractions

Morocco Resorts and Attractions

The African continent attracts with its mystery, variety of sightseeing destinations, exotic nature and a unique combination of local culture and tourist infrastructure. If you have already traveled the best resorts for young people in Tunisia, went on excursions in Egypt and conquered the skyscrapers of Dubai, we offer you to choose new places where it is better to relax in Morocco. When to go to Morocco According to top-medical-schools, the climate in Morocco is great for traveling around the…

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Egypt Attractions

Egypt Attractions

According to Itypeusa, the capital of Egypt and one of the most beautiful cities is Cairo. You can see a beautiful view of the city by visiting one of the oldest fortresses in the whole world – the Citadel of Salladin. A wonderful panorama of the capital opens from its walls. In the Egyptian Museum, you can see richer collections than in museums in many countries of the world. Girls and lovers of unusual excursions can visit the Perfume Museum….

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British Somalia and French Somalia

British Somalia and French Somalia

British Somalia (Somaliland). – The territory of Somaliland remained under British military administration until 1948, when it returned to the control of the Colonial Office. In February 1955 the wooded area (haùd in Somali) next to the border (about 25,000 km 2) which had passed under the direct government of British authority since 1941 as a consequence of the 1940-45 war was returned to Ethiopia. On that occasion, moreover, the area corresponding to the border section between the intersection of…

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Ethiopia Geology

Ethiopia Geology

According to topschoolsintheusa, the geological formations that make up the soil of Ethiopia are the following: 1. The basement of archaic crystalline rocks (granites, syenites, gneisses and phyllites) which are considerably folded and emerge in a strip on the eastern slopes of the Tigrè plateau, of the ‘Amhara (Amḥārā, Amārā), of the Goggiam up to the borders of the Scioa. More widely these rocks extend on the western slope, especially in the Walleggà (Wållaggā) (where they contain considerable concentrations of…

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Egypt Federiciana

Egypt Federiciana

The conquest of Syria by the Turks, then by the Crusaders, had reduced the Fatimid dynasty to the possession of Egypt alone. Between 1163 and 1169 the Franks and the Ayyubids fought over the country ; the latter had the upper hand and their leader, Saladin, deposed the caliph who had named him his vizier in 1171, keeping for himself the title of sultan. He eliminated the Fatimid partisans and the Shiite party in the name of the Abbasid caliph. His conquests made him master of…

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Ethiopia Religion and Military

Ethiopia Religion and Military

Religion. – The prevalent religion in Ethiopia is Christian, in the form of Monophysitism: it is the state religion (see below). Islamism follows in importance. Initially introduced in coastal localities (Dahlac, Massawa, Zeila, Berbera, etc.), it spread inland, especially among non-Semitic-speaking populations, for whom its adoption was also a means of distinguishing and oppose the Abyssinians, who oppressed and fought them. Especially the coastal populations or those in contact with the coast (Begia, Saho, Danachili, Somali) have long been Muslim;…

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Tunisia Population and History 2004

Tunisia Population and History 2004

North African state. At the 2004 census the population of the Maghreb republic was 9,911,000 residents (2,600,000 residents In 1936). The very high rate of demographic growth was slowed down (0.9 % in the five-year period 2000-2005) by a government program of family planning and the phenomenon of emigration. Nonetheless, the population, two-thirds urban and especially concentrated in the capital Tunis and the surrounding area, is among the youngest in the world (over a quarter of the residents are under…

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Algeria in the 1960’s

Algeria in the 1960’s

New contacts were made between the French government and the National Liberation Front (FLN) in February 1961, which led to secret negotiations in Évian. The possible compromise worried the European extremist circles in Algiers, which reacted with the formation of a Secret Army Organization (OAS): on April 22, 1961 there was an attempt at revolt in Algeria, which failed because the armed forces remained mostly loyal to the government; the action of the OAS continued with attacks in Algeria and…

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Morocco Languages

Morocco Languages

The oldest language that has so far been spoken in Morocco, as in other regions of northern Africa, and which was generally used by the indigenous population in the first period of its history, is Berber, which even in remote times must have appeared subdivided into a number of related dialects. The only traces of this period are the names of places and people cited from classical sources and explainable with Berber roots or morphology; and some brief Libyan inscriptions…

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South Africa Literature and Theater

South Africa Literature and Theater

From the second half of the nineteenth century to the twentieth century South African literature, which developed from the second half of the nineteenth century, does not possess a unitary character, as disparate and often antagonistic factors coexist in it, except that three major components, at the same time ethnic and linguistic, are kept in mind. One is that of Afrikaner, that is of the whites of Boer origin, which is expressed in Afrikaans. Another is linked to the Zulu,…

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Tunisia Economy

Tunisia Economy

ECONOMY: GENERAL INFORMATION Tunisia inherited a modern production structure from the French colonial period. After having adhered in the years immediately following independence (1956) to a clearly socialist orientation of economic development, starting from 1970 the country made an almost total change in its programmatic choices. By appealing widely to foreign capital, the government focused its utmost efforts on encouraging industry, building large public utility infrastructures and enhancing tourism. The result of these policies was a relative economic dynamism which,…

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Gabon History Timeline

Gabon History Timeline

According to homosociety, Gabon is a country in western Central Africa. The country has a coastline towards the Gulf of Guinea and borders Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north and the Republic of Congo to the east and south. The country’s capital is Libreville. Gabon is a relatively small country in the African context and the country is centrally located, just below the Equator. Although the country’s area is 268,000 km² and thus six times as large…

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Malawi Geography

Malawi Geography

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY According to ejinhua, Malawi is inhabited by Bantu people who, starting from the sec. XIV-XV, in different waves they invaded the country, but perhaps overlapping pre-existing populations. For Europeans, the knowledge of these territories is linked to the explorations of David Livingstone, who reached the lake in 1859. Until the end of the nineteenth century the country was dominated by yao (wayao), originally from present-day Tanzania, in the service of merchants Arabs of slaves, who had absolute power…

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Tunisia History

Tunisia History

PREHISTORY Double-sided industries related to the Acheulean are known in some sites, such as Koum el-Majene and Sidi Zin near El Kef. The Middle Paleolithic is attested by numerous findings on the surface or in the layer. Among these we remember the Mousterian near Gafsa, in Ain Meterchem and in the site of El Guettar, with fauna of rhinoceros, camels, bovids, etc.; a singular and complex conical structure formed by spheroidal stones has been found in this site, possibly connected…

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Tsingy de Bemaraha Nature Reserve (World Heritage)

Tsingy de Bemaraha Nature Reserve (World Heritage)

The nature reserve is a unique karst landscape with bizarre limestone cliffs, forests, lakes and mangrove swamps. The landscape is the habitat of the rare and endangered lemurs and makis as well as lily plants and orchids. A special feature of the nature reserve is the “petrified forest” made up of thousands of limestone peaks up to 30 m high. Tsingy de Bemaraha Nature Reserve: Facts Official title: Tsingy de Bemaraha Nature Reserve Natural monument: a karst landscape, a national…

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Mount Kenya National Park (World Heritage)

Mount Kenya National Park (World Heritage)

According to listofusnewspapers, the 584 km² national park around the region of the Mount Kenya massif, which at 5199 m is the second highest mountain massif in Africa, is one of the most impressive East African landscapes with its glaciers, glacial lakes and pointed peaks as well as its fascinating flora and fauna. Mount Kenya National Park: Facts Official title: Mount Kenya National Park Natural monument: Mount Kenya with the peaks Batian (5199 m) and Nelion (5188 m), an extinct…

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Tanzania Culture

Tanzania Culture

The cultural life in the multi-ethnic state has diverse roots. According to itypeusa, the Tanzania mainland is East African, while the islands are Arab-Muslim. Centuries ago, a hybrid of the Swahili culture developed in the coastal regions. The oldest cultural evidence are the rock paintings in Kondoa, which are estimated to be around 1500 years old. Traditional art objects include masks, calabashes, jewelry, and musical instruments. The clay pottery and ebony carving of the Makonde ethnic group, which is still…

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Virunga National Park (World Heritage)

Virunga National Park (World Heritage)

According to smber, the up to 4,500 m high Virunga volcanoes form a chain of eight volcanoes in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the border with Rwanda and Uganda. They are covered with tropical mountain rainforest. The national park is the oldest national park in Africa and is one of the most biodiverse regions on the continent. The Virunga Mountains are home to the endangered mountain gorillas. With a population of less than 1000 animals,…

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Valley on the Lower Reaches of the Awash River (World Heritage)

Valley on the Lower Reaches of the Awash River (World Heritage)

The valley is home to one of the most important paleontological sites in Africa. The more than 4 million year old finds are an important link in the human family tree. Outstanding are the fossil remains of “Lucy”, an Australopithecus afarensis, discovered in 1974. Valley on the lower reaches of the Awash River: facts Official title: Valley on the lower reaches of the Awash River Cultural monument: In the desert-like landscape of the Lower Awash Valley, 3.5 million year old…

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Gabon Travel Overview

Gabon Travel Overview

GENERAL Official name of the state Gabonese Republic. Capital Libreville. Geography According to topschoolsintheusa, Gabon is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the north, and the Republic of the Congo to the south and east. The lush tropical vegetation (82% of the interior) turns into savannah in places. The numerous rivers are the main arteries on whose banks most of the settlements were built. There are around 40 Bantu groups, the largest are…

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Kenya Plants and Economy

Kenya Plants and Economy

What is a liver sausage tree? The semi-desert makes up a large part of Kenya. There is almost no precipitation here and only plants that can cope with it can survive here. Acacias and various thorn bushes succeed in this. The flute acacia in particular is known for the semi-desert. In central and southern Kenya you will mainly find umbrella and flute acacias. A very special tree is also the baobab tree, which can reach a height of 20 meters…

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Niger Wildlife and Economy

Niger Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants Nature in Niger Niger is largely located in the desert, in the Sahara. The south lies in the still very dry Sahel zone. In such a barren landscape, the flora and fauna are correspondingly barren and not very rich in species. But there are areas in Niger where things look different, for example in the Aïr Mountains or in the fertile south-west. Which animals live in Niger? The animal inhabitants of Niger are the desert fox fennec,…

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Togo History and Politics

Togo History and Politics

Prehistoric time to the Middle Ages Where the state of Togo is today, people lived as early as the Stone Age, first as hunters and gatherers, later as settled farmers. From the 15th century on, tribes who came to this area settled here. These tribes include the Ewe and Yoruba, who immigrated from the east (today Benin and Nigeria) and whose peoples still live in Togo today. Other tribes such as the Mina and Fanti immigrated from the west. Beginning…

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Tunisia History and Politics

Tunisia History and Politics

Carthage, its destruction and the consequences Originally the area of ​​what is now Tunisia was settled by the Berbers. In the north of the country lies the capital of Tunisia, which is called Tunis. It is very close to a famous ancient city, namely Carthage. Carthage was once the capital of the Phoenicians. You also sometimes hear the term “Punic” or “Carthaginian”. The Phoenicians probably founded the city in 814 BC. BC and established a world empire based primarily on…

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Republic of the Congo Guide

Republic of the Congo Guide

Congo – country information Country name Congo Official name Republic of the Congo Capital Brazzaville Continent Africa Area 342,000 km2 Population 4,448,000 (2013) Foundation of a state 8/15/1960 The highest mountains Léketi 1040 m Longest rivers Congo/Zaire 750 km, Ubangi 550 km State system a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament The biggest cities Brazzaville (capital) 1,025,000, Pointe-Noire 630,000, Loubomo 95,000 Official language French Ethnicity/National Composition Congolese 53%, Teke groups 17.5%, Mboshi 11.5%, Mbete 4.7%, Punu 3%, Sango 2.6%, Maka…

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Democratic Republic of the Congo Guide

Democratic Republic of the Congo Guide

Democratic Republic of the Congo – country information Country name Democratic Republic of the Congo Capital Kinshasa Continent Africa Area 2,344,860 km2 Population 67,514,000 (2013) Foundation of a state 6/30/1960 Democratic Republic of the Congo – Neighboring States State Capital Area Population Angola Luanda 1,246,700 km2 20,609,294 Burundi Bujumbura 27,834 km2 10,163,000 South Sudan Dzuba 644,329 km2 10,625,176 Congo Brazzaville 342,000 km2 4,448,000 Rwanda Kigali 26,338 km2 10,537,222 Central African Republic Bangui 622,984 km2 4,616,000 Tanzania At home 945,087 km2…

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