Cambodia – country information
|Official name||Cambodian state|
|Foundation of a state||9/11/1953|
|The highest mountains||Phum Aural 1,813 m|
|Longest rivers||Mekong 4500 km (inland 425 km)|
|The largest lakes||Tonle Sap 5,700 km2|
|State system||a constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Phnom Peng (capital) 1,100,000, Battambang 110,000, Sihanoukville 80,000|
|Official language||Khmer language|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Khmer 94%, Chinese 3%, Cham 2%, others 1% (unknown number of Vietnamese)|
|Religious affiliation||Buddhists 90%, Muslims 2%, others 8%|
|Currency||1 riel = 100 sens|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$2,395 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||59.29 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture, forestry and fishing 40%, mining and industry 14%, construction 6%, services 40%|
Cambodia – Neighboring States
|Thailand||Bangkok (Krung Thep)||513,115 km2||65,926,261|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Cambodia – the state of the Khmers – is part of the former Indochina (it was temporarily known as Kampuchea). Cambodia, one of the poorest countries in Asia, has been plagued by civil war and military intervention from abroad for a quarter of a century, and its future is also currently uncertain.
Location: Southeast Asia
Time zone: CET + 6 (in summer CET + 5)
Total area: 181,035 km²
Land area: 176,515 km²
Water area: 4,520 km²
Length of the state border: 2,530 km
Laos: 555 km
Thailand: 817 km
Vietnam: 1,158 km
Coastline: 443 km
Capital: Phnom Penh
Banteay Mean Cheay, Batdambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot, Kandal, Kaoh Kong, Keb, Krachen, Mondol Kiri, Otdar Mean Cheay, Phnum Penh, Pouthisat, Preah Seihanu, Preah Vihear, Prey Veng, Rotanah Kiri, Siem Reab, Stoeng Treng, Svay Rieng, Takev
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 855 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m
Population: approx. 15.5 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 1.6% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 86
Life expectancy: 61 (male), 66 (female)
Official language: Khmer
- 97% Buddhists
- 2% Muslim
- 1% other
In the tropical climate, it is hottest in the period from March to June, with temperatures of up to 40 ° C.
The rainy season also lasts from mid-May to the end of October, with some very heavy rains.
In the north of the country it is a little cooler in winter. However, here too the temperatures rarely drop below 25 ° C.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Riel (KHR)
Classification: 1 Riel = 100 Sen
ATMs: are only available in a few large cities or airports.
International credit cards: These are only accepted occasionally in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.
Regulations: All currencies can be imported in unlimited amounts. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.
A declaration is required from a value of over 10,000 US dollars.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
The crime rate in Cambodia is very high. Therefore, you shouldn’t stay outside of houses after dark.
Due to the sometimes very bad roads, the plane is the safest and most comfortable means of transport within the country.
Minefields have not yet been cleared in many parts of the country. Therefore, you should not leave paved roads.
The border regions to Thailand are particularly unsafe areas for tourists.
Valuable items should only be kept in the hotel safe and should not be openly shown in the street.
The Vietnam War made Cambodia one of the poorest countries on earth.
Although the economy is slowly recovering, most of the residents are self-sufficient in agriculture and fishing.
Industries: mining, fishing, wood processing, agriculture, textiles, tourism
Natural resources: precious stones, iron ores, wood, manganese, phosphate, hydropower
- Land: 13%
- Grain cultivation: 0%
- Pasture area: 11%
- Forests: 66%
- other: 10%
Compared to other Asian countries, Cambodia has a largely intact flora.
In the huge forest areas, which take up about 66% of the country, there are hundreds of different plant species and many rare tree species (e.g. the Siamese rosewood tree and blackwood trees).
The largest and most untouched forest areas in all of Asia can be found here.
Due to the distinctive flora, the diversity in the animal world is also very high. Monkeys, bears, leopards, otters, red deer, tigers, monitor lizards and water buffalo are some of the animals that can be found in the vast, partly untouched landscapes.
The fish species are particularly diverse, making the fish processing industry an important economic factor. In addition to the fish, dolphins, sharks and turtles are also common in the waters.