Burundi Guide

Burundi Guide

Country data

Location: Central Africa

Time zone: CET + 1 (during summer time: CET)

Total area: 27,830 km²

Land area: 25,680 km²

Water area: 2,150 km²

Length of the state border: 1,140 km

Bordering countries:
Democratic Republic of the Congo: 236 km
Rwanda: 315 km
Tanzania: 589 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Bujumbura

Provinces: 17
Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi

Telephone code: 00 257 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Mount Heha 2,670 m


Population: approx. 10.4 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 3.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 373

Life expectancy: 58 (male), 61 (female)

Official language: Kirundi and French


  • 62% Catholic
  • 24% Protestants
  • 2% Muslim
  • 12% other


In the tropical climate there is high humidity all year round.

The rainy seasons last from October to early January and from late February to late May. The dry seasons last from June to September and from mid-January to mid-February.


In the highlands, the temperatures are somewhat milder than in the lower regions.

It is often windy near the coast.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Burundi Franc (BIF)

Classification: 1 Franc = 100 Centimes

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: These are rarely accepted.

Regulations: The national currency can be imported and exported up to an amount of 2,000 Burundi Francs.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency that can be imported and exported, but it can only be exchanged in banks in the capital Bujumbura.

All exchange receipts should be kept until departure.

Hotel bills often have to be paid in foreign currency or by credit card.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 1,000 g tobacco or 1,000 cigarettes
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

For items of particular value (cameras, video cameras, laptops), a deposit may be required. This serves as security that these objects will be executed again.

Travel advice

Due to the tense political situation and the constantly changing security situation, Burundi should not be visited by tourists at the moment.

German citizens are recommended to leave the country.

The security situation in Burundi is very confusing. There are always violent, politically motivated arguments.


The agricultural state of Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.

Around 90% of the population work in agriculture, the main export Bordering countries is coffee (export share 80%).

The unstable political situation had brought the country to the brink of economic ruin.

Industries: clothing, housewares, food

Natural resources: ores, agricultural land, hydropower

Land use:

  • Land: 44%
  • Grain cultivation: 9%
  • Pasture area: 36%
  • Forests: 3%
  • other: 8%


The predominant form of the vegetation is the grass savannah. A large part of the extensive forest areas was severely decimated by deforestation in order to make space for pasture and cultivation areas.

The most common tree species are eucalyptus trees, acacias and oil palms.


The country’s wildlife includes: elephants, mountain gorillas, hippos, crocodiles, wild boars, leopards, antelopes, ducks, quail and guinea fowl.

Many of these animal species are already endangered, as the increased population density of the country has already destroyed many habitats.

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