Bulgaria – country information
|Official name||Republic of Bulgaria|
|Foundation of a state||3/3/1878|
|The highest mountains||Musala 2925 m, Vichren 2914 m|
|Longest rivers||Dunav 2,850 km (in the country 450 km), Marica 526 km|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Sofia (capital) 1,125,000, Plovdiv 370,000, Varna 315,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Bulgarians 85.5%, Turks 10%, Gypsies 3.5%, others 1%|
|Religious affiliation||atheists and no religion 60%, Orthodox 30%, Muslims 7%, others 3%|
|Currency||1 lev (Lv) = 100 cents|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$14,103 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||72.30 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 11%, mining and industry 39%, construction 3%, services 47%|
Bulgaria – neighboring states
According to Abbreviationfinder, Bulgaria is located in the southeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, along the 354 km long Black Sea coast. Bulgaria represents Europe’s land link with Turkey and the Middle East. Bulgaria has always been one of the most permissive Soviet satellites. Since the peaceful revolution of 1989, Bulgaria has been undergoing rapid political and economic changes.
Location: Southeast Europe
Time zone: CET + 1
Total area: 110,879 km²
Land area: 108,489 km²
Water area: 2,390 km²
Length of the state border: 1,806 km
Bordering countries are accounted for:<brGreece: 472 km
Macedonia: 162 km
Romania: 605 km
Serbia: 344 km
Turkey: 223 km</br
Coastline: 354 km
Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Gabrovo, Khaskovo, Kurdzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Shumen, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofiya (Sofia), Sofiya-Grad ( Sofia City), Stara Zagora, Turgovishte, Varna, Veliko Turnovo, Vidin, Vratsa, Yambol
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 359 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Musala 2,925 m
Population: approx. 6.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.8% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 62
Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)
Official language: Bulgarian
- 77% Bulgarian Orthodox
- 8% Muslim
- 15% other
The Bulgarian climate largely corresponds to that of Central Europe. In the south of the country, due to its proximity to the Mediterranean, it changes into a Mediterranean climate.
The summer months are not too hot and in winter it is not too cold. In the higher mountains there is snowfall in winter.
There is no pronounced rainy season.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Lev (BGN)
Classification: 1 lev = 100 stotinki
ATMs: Available in larger cities.
International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few shops, as cash payments are common.
Regulations: > Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. If amounts with a value of more than 10,000 euros are carried, all foreign currencies must be declared upon entry. However, a declaration is also useful if you are traveling with less foreign currency.
The import and export of the local currency is not permitted.
You should keep all exchange receipts very well, as there are occasional checks when you leave the country. Even if you want to exchange leva that you do not need, this is only possible with an exchange receipt.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
When entering Bulgaria (even if you only drive through the country) you should have all valuable items (computers, cameras, jewelry,…) declared in writing. Please make sure that you also receive a duplicate of the completed declaration form.
There is an export ban for antiques and works of art of all kinds (archaeological, historical,…).
The import, export and possession of drugs and narcotics is prohibited and is severely punished.
There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Bulgaria.
A vignette is required on all motorways and country roads, and the dipped headlights must still be switched on during every journey.
Since car thefts happen very often, you should always lock your vehicle (even if you only leave it for a short time).
It is also advisable to lock the vehicle doors while driving.
The Balkan state is still struggling with economic problems that date back to the times of the Cold War.
The unemployment rate has been reduced further and further through reforms and investments in recent years.
Industries: chemistry, food production, mechanical engineering
Natural resources: bauxite, coal, copper, farmland
- Land: 43%
- Grain cultivation: 2%
- Pasture area: 14%
- Forests: 38%
- other: 3%
Bulgaria is very rich in nature reserves away from the tourist strongholds. Many different plants and shrubs grow in the mild climate.
The animal world can develop almost undisturbed and freely through the over 100 existing nature reserves. Especially near lakes there are bears, hawks, chamois, deer, roe deer, golden eagles, wild boars, wolves and various water birds.
The many lakes and rivers are habitat for trout, pike, carp, mackerel, sturgeon, tuna, catfish and pikeperch.