Brunei is a sultanate in Southeast Asia, on the northwestern coast of the island of Borneo. Shared borders with Malaysia.
The capital is Bandar Seri Begawan. The official language is Malay. The official religion is Islam.
Brunei is located 443 kilometers north of the equator. The country consists of two separate regions, separated by approximately 30 km of Malaysian territory. In the western part of Brunei there is a mountainous area that rises up to 3 km above sea level. In the eastern part, you can see mountains overgrown with jungle.
Approximately 85% of the entire area of the country is covered with tropical forests with valuable tree species. The main rivers – Belait, Tutong, Pandaruan and Temburong – flow into the South China Sea.
The climate of Brunei is equatorial. Average temperature +28*С +30*С, air humidity 82%. During the monsoon period (November-December), the climate is slightly cooler, but humid. Periodically, about once every 10 years, the following droughts continue for several months.
There was an idea of Brunei as a country in which there are few attractions. The state system is an absolute monarchy. The head of state and government is the Sultan. He is also the religious leader of the country’s Muslims. The government consists predominantly of his close relatives.
Interesting facts about Brunei
Brunei, which once occupied the entire island of Borneo and the southwestern Philippines, is now one of the smallest countries in the world.
The main places to visit by tourists include the capital Bandar Seri Begawan, where the Sultan’s palace with 1700 rooms and the Omar Ali Mosque are located.
The country occupies one of the leading places in the world in terms of production of liquefied natural gas.
The Sultan of Brunei is one of the richest people in the world.
Location: Southeast Asia
Time zone: CET + 7 (during summer time: CET + 6)
Total area: 5,765 km²
Land area: 5,265 km²
Water area: 500 km²
Length of the state border: 266 km
including: Malaysia: 266 km
Coastline: 161 km
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 673 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m
Population: approx. 423,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: 1.7% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 73
Life expectancy: 74 (male), 79 (female)
Official language: Malay
- 79% Muslim
- 9% Christians
- 8% Buddhists
- 4% other
There is an always humid tropical climate. Temperatures are around 26 ° C all year round, with an average humidity of around 80%.
Precipitation must be expected all year round. However, intensified in the monsoon season from November to January.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Brunei Dollar (BND)
Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents
ATMs: Available in almost all banks and shopping centers.
International credit cards: These are accepted by many larger hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. There is an obligation to declare.
The national currency can be imported and exported up to an amount of 1,000 BND.
The importation of Indian and Indonesian currencies is prohibited.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 250 g of other tobacco products
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages (only for non-Muslims)
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Possession of all kinds of drugs (even small amounts) and trading in them leads to drastic penalties. People are often sentenced to long prison terms (under very poor conditions) or even to death! The same applies to the possession of all kinds of weapons.
There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Brunei Darussalam.
During Ramadan, even non-Muslims are not allowed to eat, drink or smoke during the day.
You should never take luggage with you for strangers (as a favor) without knowing the exact contents. Possession and trafficking in drugs are severely punished.
Smoking in public should be avoided.
Although the small sultanate is one of the richest countries in the world, the residents sometimes live under very simple conditions.
The economy relies mainly on the export of natural gas and oil.
Industries: natural gas and oil production
Natural resources: natural gas, oil, wood
- Usable land: 1%
- Grain cultivation: 1%
- Pasture area: 1%
- Forests: 85%
- other: 12%