Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide

Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide

Country data

Location: Southeast Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 51,197 km²

Land area: 51,187 km²

Water area: 10 km²

Length of the state border: 1,543 km

Bordering countries:
Croatia: 956 km
Montenegro: 242 km
Serbia: 345 km

Coastline: 20 km

Capital: Sarajevo

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 387 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Maglic 2,386 m


Population: approx. 3.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 76

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 80 (female)

Official language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian


  • 40% Muslim
  • 31% Orthodox
  • 15% Roman Catholic
  • 14% other


A temperate continental climate with a transition in the south to the Mediterranean climate.

There are warm summers and cold winters, comparable to the temperatures in Germany.

Bosnia And Herzegovina

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Marka (BAM)

Classification: 1 Marka = 100 Fening

ATMs: Available in Sarajevo and Mostar.

International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few very large stores.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 20 cigars or 200 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 17 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

Beside the roads there are a few minefields that have not been cleared. Outside of the big cities you should therefore not leave paved roads.

Behavioral advice

The roads across the country are in very poor condition in some cases. You should therefore be particularly careful when driving.


By pegging the national currency to the euro with an exchange rate of 1.95583: 1, the market corresponds to the value of the former D-Mark. The bond established a stable national currency.

The growth of the economy has stabilized in recent years.

Industries: ore processing, coal mining, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: iron, ores, wood, coal, copper, magnesium

Land use:

  • Land: 14%
  • Grain cultivation: 5%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 39%
  • other: 22%
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