Bosnia and Herzegovina – country information
|Country name||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Official name||Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Population||3 791 622 (2013)|
|Foundation of a state||1. 3. 1992|
|The highest mountains||Maglic 2387 m|
|Longest rivers||Sava 940 km (in the country 430 km), Bosnia 242 km|
|State system||transitional government, originally a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Sarajevo (capital) 300,000, Banja Luka 195,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Muslims 49.2%, Serbs 31.3%, Croats 17.3%, others 2.2%|
|Religious affiliation||Muslim 40%, Serbian Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, Protestant 4%, other 10%|
|Currency||1 dinar (Din) = 100 paras|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$8,127 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||78.00 let (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 11%, mining and industry 45%, construction 6%, services 38%|
Bosnia and Herzegovina – neighboring states
|Montenegro||Podgorica||13,812 km||620 029|
|Croatia||Zagreb||56,538 km2||4 290 612|
|Serbia||Belgrade||77,474 km||7 181 505|
According to Abbreviationfinder, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country at the crossroads of south and southeast Europe, located in the Balkans.
Location: Southeast Europe
Time zone: CET
Total area: 51,197 km²
Land area: 51,187 km²
Water area: 10 km²
Length of the state border: 1,543 km
Croatia: 956 km
Montenegro: 242 km
Serbia: 345 km
Coastline: 20 km
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 387 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Maglic 2,386 m
Population: approx. 3.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.1% per year
Population density (residents per km²): 76
Life expectancy: 73 (male), 80 (female)
Official language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
- 40% Muslim
- 31% Orthodox
- 15% Roman Catholic
- 14% other
A temperate continental climate with a transition in the south to the Mediterranean climate.
There are warm summers and cold winters, comparable to the temperatures in Germany.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Marka (BAM)
Classification: 1 Marka = 100 Fening
ATMs: Available in Sarajevo and Mostar.
International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few very large stores.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 200 cigarettes or 20 cigars or 200 g tobacco
- 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 17 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
Beside the roads there are a few minefields that have not been cleared. Outside of the big cities you should therefore not leave paved roads.
The roads across the country are in very poor condition in some cases. You should therefore be particularly careful when driving.
By pegging the national currency to the euro with an exchange rate of 1.95583: 1, the market corresponds to the value of the former D-Mark. The bond established a stable national currency.
The growth of the economy has stabilized in recent years.
Industries: ore processing, coal mining, mechanical engineering, textiles
Natural resources: iron, ores, wood, coal, copper, magnesium
- Land: 14%
- Grain cultivation: 5%
- Pasture area: 20%
- Forests: 39%
- other: 22%