Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide

Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide

Bosnia and Herzegovina – country information

Country name Bosnia and Herzegovina
Official name Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
continent Europe
Area 51,197 km
Population 3 791 622 (2013)
Foundation of a state 1. 3. 1992
The highest mountains Maglic 2387 m
Longest rivers Sava 940 km (in the country 430 km), Bosnia 242 km
State system transitional government, originally a pluralist republic with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Sarajevo (capital) 300,000, Banja Luka 195,000
Official language Serbo-Croatian
Ethnicity/National Composition Muslims 49.2%, Serbs 31.3%, Croats 17.3%, others 2.2%
Religious affiliation Muslim 40%, Serbian Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, Protestant 4%, other 10%
Currency 1 dinar (Din) = 100 paras
gross domestic product (GDP) US$8,127 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 78.00 let (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 11%, mining and industry 45%, construction 6%, services 38%

Bosnia and Herzegovina – neighboring states

State Capital Area Populace
Montenegro Podgorica 13,812 km 620 029
Croatia Zagreb 56,538 km2 4 290 612
Serbia Belgrade 77,474 km 7 181 505

According to Abbreviationfinder, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country at the crossroads of south and southeast Europe, located in the Balkans.

Country data

Location: Southeast Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 51,197 km²

Land area: 51,187 km²

Water area: 10 km²

Length of the state border: 1,543 km

Bordering countries:
Croatia: 956 km
Montenegro: 242 km
Serbia: 345 km

Coastline: 20 km

Capital: Sarajevo

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 387 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Maglic 2,386 m


Population: approx. 3.9 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: -0.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 76

Life expectancy: 73 (male), 80 (female)

Official language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian


  • 40% Muslim
  • 31% Orthodox
  • 15% Roman Catholic
  • 14% other


A temperate continental climate with a transition in the south to the Mediterranean climate.

There are warm summers and cold winters, comparable to the temperatures in Germany.

Bosnia And Herzegovina

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Marka (BAM)

Classification: 1 Marka = 100 Fening

ATMs: Available in Sarajevo and Mostar.

International credit cards: These are only accepted by a few very large stores.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 20 cigars or 200 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 17 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Travel advice

Beside the roads there are a few minefields that have not been cleared. Outside of the big cities you should therefore not leave paved roads.

Behavioral advice

The roads across the country are in very poor condition in some cases. You should therefore be particularly careful when driving.


By pegging the national currency to the euro with an exchange rate of 1.95583: 1, the market corresponds to the value of the former D-Mark. The bond established a stable national currency.

The growth of the economy has stabilized in recent years.

Industries: ore processing, coal mining, mechanical engineering, textiles

Natural resources: iron, ores, wood, coal, copper, magnesium

Land use:

  • Land: 14%
  • Grain cultivation: 5%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 39%
  • other: 22%
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