Bhutan Guide

Bhutan Guide

Bhutan – country information

Country name Bhutan
Official name Kingdom of Bhutan
Capital Thimphu
Continent Asia
Area 47,000 km2
Population 745,200 (2014)
Foundation of a state 8/8/1949
The highest mountains Kulagangri 7554 m
State system a constitutional monarchy without political parties with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Thimbu (capital) 70,000
Official language dzongha (form of Tibetan)
Ethnicity/National Composition Bhutis 64.5%, Gurungs 15.5%, Assamese 13%, others 7%
Religious affiliation Buddhist 70%, Hindu 24.5%, Muslim 5%, other 0.5%
Currency 1 ngultrum (Nu) = 100 chetrums
gross domestic product (GDP) US$6,564 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 54.78 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 42%, mining 1%, industry 17%, construction 8.5%, services 31.5%

Bhutan – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
China Peking 9,640,820 km2 1,363,350,000
India Delhi 3,287,260 km2 1,241,610,000

Country overview

The small country in the eastern Himalayas shares much of its border with India, and borders Tibet in the north. Similar to Tibet, Bhutan has long been politically and commercially isolated from the outside world, for which it has always represented a mysterious and mysterious country.

According to Abbreviationfinder, Bhutan (Country of the Thunder Dragon) is a state in Asia (in the Himalayas). Situated between India and China. The capital is Thimphu. The official language is Dzongkha. Religion – Buddhism.

Bhutan means mountainous country. The climate is monsoonal, mountain-tropical. The temperature in different parts of the country and depending on the season is from 0*С to +30*С.

A tourist must pay a high fee for each day of stay in the country. Tourism centers – the capital of Thimphu, the city of Paro, the monastery of Taksang Lhakhang.

For millennia, the Kingdom of Bhutan has been in absolute isolation among its mountains. Until the middle of the 20th century. in the country (fenced off from the outside world) there were no roads, electricity, cars, telephones, mail. Only ancient temples in high, mist-shrouded rocks, wild mountains, untouched rivers and forests.

Resorts and attractions of Bhutan

The Kingdom of Bhutan (the kingdom of thunder dragons) is a small mysterious state located in the Himalayas “between heaven and earth”. Travel back many centuries, see paintings that are known only from historical books – what could be easier if you decide to spend your holidays in Bhutan. In this little lost paradise lurking among the chains of the Southern Himalayas.
Sights and vivid spectacles are located everywhere here, and every house, every building is a monument of unique and original architecture. Rest in this country is one of the most expensive.

This is an amazing country that has a unique culture and beautiful nature. The traditions of the population in Bhutan have not changed for centuries, and cultural and religious monuments are protected from outside influence. There is almost no hunger, crime and beggars in the country. Drukpa is considered the state religion – this is one of the trends of Buddhism. Bhutan is the last of the states on the planet that has preserved the original Tibetan culture. Tibetan culture is preserved here in its purest form.

This is a country of enlightenment, spirit and harmony. There are no wars, enmity and hatred. But there is light, God and joy. There are no McDonalds and billboards, and recently the Internet has appeared and smoking is allowed. Local residents sacredly honor the customs of Buddhism and worship the so-called higher powers.

Interesting facts about Bhutan

Bhutan has been inhabited for about 4000 years.

Bhutan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Where the basis of the economy is agriculture, tourism, and the sale of postage stamps. Industry is almost non-existent. Few natural resources.

There are 25 languages ​​in Bhutan. The official language in the country is Dzongkha.

Bhutan has introduced a complete ban on the sale and use of tobacco. Cigarettes cannot be imported into the country. The ban does not apply to foreign tourists.

Country data

Location: Asia

Time zone: CET + 5 (during summer time CET + 4)

Total area: 38,394 km²

Land area: 38,394 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 1,136 km

Bordering countries:
China: 477 km
India: 659 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Thimphu

Districts: 20
Bumthang, Chhukha, Chirang, Daga, Gasa, Geylegphug, Ha, Lhuntshi, Mongar, Paro, Pemagatsel, Punakha, Samchi, Samdrup Jongkhar, Shemgang, Tashigang, Tashi Yangtse, Thimphu, Tongsa, Wangdi Phodrang

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 975 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Gangkar Puensum 7,570 m


Population: approx. 733,000 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 19

Life expectancy: 68 (male), 70 (female)

Official language: Dzongkha


  • 75% Buddhists
  • 22% Hindu
  • 3% other


The climate in Bhutan changes primarily in a north-south direction. In the northern mountain regions, the winters are very severe and the summer months are also quite cold.

Towards the south it goes from a moderate climatic zone to a subtropical to tropical one.

In the months from the beginning of June to mid-September there is often heavy rainfall, especially in the south.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Ngultrum (BTN))

Classification: 1 ngultrum = 100 chhertum

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: These are rarely accepted in individual hotels.

Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. The export is limited to the amount of the declared import.

The local currency can be exported up to an amount of 5,000 BTN. Import is prohibited.

The Indian rupee is also a common currency, but may only be imported by Indian nationals.

All exchange receipts should be kept until departure. A maximum of 30% of the exchanged amounts can be exchanged back.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 150 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

Drugs, weapons and plants of all kinds are not allowed to enter Bhutan.

There is an export ban on religious and ancient objects of all kinds.

Items with a high value must be declared upon entry.

In the event of a breach of customs or entry regulations, arrest can be expected.

Travel advice

There is currently no country-specific safety notice for Bhutan.


The country in the Himalayas is one of the poorest countries on earth and has closed itself off to the outside world for many centuries.

The protection of the environment and nature has a very high priority and is given priority in all projects.

Industries: alcohol production, wood processing, cement

Natural resources: wood, hydropower

Land use:

  • Usable land: 2%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 6%
  • Forests: 66%
  • other: 26%
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