Belgium Guide

Belgium Guide

Belgium – country information

Country name Belgium
Official name Kingdom of Belgium
Capital Brussels
Continent Europe
Area 32,545 km2
Population 11,132,269 (2014)
Foundation of a state 4/10/1830
The highest mountains Botrange 694 m
Longest rivers Meuse 930 km (in the country 170 km), Šelda 435 km
State system a pluralistic federal constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament
The biggest cities Bruxelles (capital) 970,000, Antwerpen 500,000, Ghent 240,000, Charleroi 215,000
Official language Flemish, French, German
Ethnicity/National Composition Belgians 91.0%, Italians 2.4%, Moroccans 1.4%, French 0.9%, Turkish 0.8%, Dutch 0.6%, other 2.9%
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic 88.0%, Muslim 2.5%, Protestant 0.4%, no religion 7.5%, other 1.6%
Currency 1 euro = 100 cents
gross domestic product (GDP) US$37,459 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 78.77 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture, forestry and fishing 1.8%, mining 0.2%, industry 24.2%, construction 6.0%, services 67.8%

Belgium – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
France Paris 551,500 km2 65,844,000
Luxembourg Luxembourg 2,586 km2 537,000
Germany Berlin 357,022 km2 80,619,000
Netherlands Amsterdam 41,528 km2 16,842,200

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Belgium is located in Western Europe on the coast of the North Sea. It borders the Netherlands to the northeast, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, and France to the south and southwest.

Country data

Location: Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 30,528 km²

Land area: 30,278 km²

Water area: 250 km²

Length of the state border: 1,297 km

Bordering countries:
Germany: 133 km
France: 556 km
Luxembourg: 130 km
Netherlands: 478 km

Coastline: 66 km

Capital: Brussels

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 32 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Signal de Botrange 694 m


Population: approx. 10.4 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 341

Life expectancy: 77 (male), 83 (female)

Official language: Dutch, French, German


  • 75% Roman Catholic
  • 25% other


The Western European climate that dominates Belgium is maritime and cool. The rains are evenly distributed throughout the year.


The average temperatures are 15 to 24 ° C in summer and -2 to + 5 ° C in winter.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: € / Euro (EUR)

Division: 1 € = 100 cents

ATMs: Numerous available (EC card / credit card and PIN number)

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts.

Travel advice

Since the attack on Zaventem international airport in Brussels, security checks have been increasing at train stations and airports.

The police and military presence has increased across the country.

You should avoid staying in large crowds.


Belgium has a heavily industrialized economy in which there is almost no room for large-scale agriculture.

The mining of coal has decreased sharply in recent years as the reserves are almost exhausted.

The city of Antwerp is known for the diamond trade. This is where most of the world’s industrial diamonds are made.

Industries: vehicle construction, fishing, coal, food production, steel processing, textiles

Natural resources: natural gas, coal

Land use:

  • Usable land: 24%
  • Grain cultivation: 1%
  • Pasture area: 20%
  • Forests: 21%
  • other: 34%


The beech, oak, pine and elm forests are being protected and rebuilt by government programs.

Various types of flowers and grass grow particularly in the edge zones of the forests.


There are only a few large wild animals left in Belgium (deer and wild boar). Badgers, squirrels, foxes, hedgehogs and martens, on the other hand, are still quite common in the forests.

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