Bangladesh Guide

Bangladesh Guide

Bangladesh – country information

Country name Bangladesh
Official name People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Capital Dhaka
Continent Asia
Area 143,998 km2
Population 152,518,015 (2012)
Foundation of a state 16/12/1971
Longest rivers Brahmaputra 2960 km (inland 400 km)
State system a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Dhaka (Capital) 6,750,000, Chittagong 2,300,000, Khulna 1,010,000
Official language Bengali
Ethnicity/National Composition Bengalis 98%, Biharis 1%, others 1%
Religious affiliation Muslim 87%, Hindu 12%, Buddhist 0.5%, Christian 0.2%, other 0.3%
Currency 1 Bangladeshi taka (Tk) = 100 paise
gross domestic product (GDP) US$1,963 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 62.46 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 35%, mining and industry 11%, construction 5.5%, services 48.5%

Bangladesh – Neighboring States

State Capital Area Population
Burma (Myanmar) Naypyidaw 676,578 km2 53,259,000
India Delhi 3,287,260 km2 1,241,610,000

Country overview

Except for a short stretch of border with Burma in the southeast, Bangladesh is completely surrounded by Indian territory. Its southern coast is washed by the waters of the Bay of Bengal.

According to Abbreviationfinder, Bangladesh (Country of Bengal) is a state in South Asia. Common borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). The capital is Dhaka.

The climate is equatorial. Hot and humid. July-October is the rainy season.

Tourist attractions of Bangladesh are historical monuments, resorts, beaches, wildlife.

Resorts and attractions in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a country with a thousand-year history and amazingly beautiful nature. And yet it is one of the poorest countries in the world. Wars, natural disasters and upheavals happen all the time here.

The country is located in the east of the Bengal region. Picturesque peaked mountain ranges and tropical monsoon forests, floodplains of stunning beauty, an endless number of mosques and wildlife – all this is hidden from the eyes of tourists behind the image of a poor country.
Bangladesh is a kind of river world. The population density here is one of the highest in the world. Bangladesh is located next to India and Myanmar. Almost the entire territory of the country is one large lowland, cut by full-flowing rivers that overflow every year. The great rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra merge to form a wide delta in the south of the country.

Country data

Location: South Asia

Time zone: CET + 5 (during summer time: CET + 4)

Total area: 144,000 km²

Land area: 130,170 km²

Water area: 13,830 km²

Length of the state border: 4,413 km

Bordering countries:
Myanmar: 271 km
India: 4,142 km

Coastline: 580 km

Capital: Dhaka

Districts: 5
Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz (strongly fluctuating 150-280 volts)

Telephone code: 00 880 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m


Population: approx. 166 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.6% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 1.152

Life expectancy: 69 (male), 73 (female)

Official language: Bengali


  • 89% Muslim
  • 10% Hindus
  • 1% other


Most of the year, Bangladesh has high temperatures.

From October to March the humidity is still very low and there is no rain. After that, the humidity rises sharply until mid-June. However, only very little rain falls during this period.

From the end of June to October it is then much cooler than usual. The cold and rainy monsoon season continues during these months.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Taka (BDT)

Classification: 1 Taka = 100 Poisha

ATMs: There are only a few machines in the capital.

International credit cards: These are accepted by a few larger hotels and shops.

Regulations: The national currency may be imported and exported up to an amount of 100 BDT. Foreign currencies up to an equivalent value of US $ 5,000 can be imported and exported without a declaration.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 2 cartons of cigarettes
  • 2 bottles of alcoholic drinks (only for non-Muslims!)
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

You should keep all customs forms and certificates received upon entry until you leave the country.

Foreigners also face heavy penalties for possession and importation of drugs, even in the smallest quantities. If you have medication with you for your own needs, we recommend that you have a certificate from your doctor issued in English with you.

Travel advice

Travel to the districts of Bandarban, Khagrachari and Rangamati is not recommended. There are repeated armed unrest and criminal attacks.

Large crowds and all political activity should be avoided.

Bangladesh is at risk of earthquakes.

Climate-related floods are quite common from June to October.

Behavioral advice

Robberies and thefts are very common. Particular caution is required in public transport and when there are large crowds.

Flying vendors and beggars keep trying to steal things from cars on streets and intersections. Always lock all doors and keep the windows closed when you are driving.

The roads across the country are in very poor condition. It is dangerous to be out at night.

Tap water should always be filtered and boiled before drinking, as the quality is very poor.


Bangladesh is still very far behind in terms of economic development. There is almost no big industry.

Most of the residents are employed in agriculture, which grows a lot of grain, rice and jute.

The textile industry is very strong. In many factories all over the country, goods are mainly manufactured for the European and North American market.

Industries: cotton, jute, tea, textiles, cement, sugar

Natural resources: natural gas, wood, farmland

Land use:

  • Land: 73%
  • Grain cultivation: 2%
  • Pasture area: 5%
  • Forests: 15%
  • other: 5%


Only a very small part of the once huge forest areas has survived. About 15% of the country is covered by forests. here mainly mangroves grow.

In order to gain agricultural land, large areas were converted into arable land.

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