Azerbaijan Guide

Azerbaijan Guide

Azerbaijan – country information

Country name Azerbaijan
Official name Republic of Azerbaijan
Capital Baku
Continent Asia
Area 86,600 km2
Population 9,477,100 (2013)
Foundation of a state 30/8/1991
The highest mountains Bazarduju 4466 m
Longest rivers Kura 1510 km (in the country 1010 km)
State system a republic with a unicameral parliament
The biggest cities Baku (capital) 1,150,000 (conurbation 1,950,000), Ganja 310,000, Sumgait 245,000
Official language Azerbaijani language
Ethnicity/National Composition Azerbaijanis 85%, Russians 5%, Armenians 4% (in Nagorno-Karabakh), Lezgins 2.5%, others 3.5%
Religious affiliation Shia Muslims 65%, Sunni Muslims 25%, the rest Christians
Currency 1 manat
gross domestic product (GDP) US$10,365 (2012)
Average life expectancy of the population 63.85 years (2006)
Structure of GDP agriculture and fishing 26%, mining and industry 38%, construction 4%, services 32%

Azerbaijan – neighboring states

State Capital Area Population
Armenia Yerevan 29,800 km2 3,017,400
Georgia Tbilisi 69,700 km2 4,483,800
Iran Tehran 1,648,200 km2 77,288,000
Russia Moscow 17,098,200 km2 143,700,000
Turkey Ankara 783,562 km2 76,667,864

Country overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Azerbaijan is the largest republic of Transcaucasia, of which it occupies its eastern half. It stretches along the western coast of the Caspian Sea and borders Russia in the north, or Dagestan, in the northwest with Georgia, in the west with Armenia and in the south with Iran. In the southwest, its territory also includes the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous region, which is claimed by Armenia. On the other hand, the Azerbaijani enclave on the territory of Armenia is represented by Nakhichevan.

Country data

Location: Southwest Asia

Time zone: CET + 3

Total area: 86,600 km²

Land area: 82,629 km²

Water area: 3,971 km²

Length of the state border: 2,468 km

Bordering countries:
Armenia: 996 km
Georgia: 428 km
Iran: 689 km
Russian Federation: 338 km
Turkey: 17 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Baku

Regions: 66 (and 11 cities)
Abseron, Agcabadi, Agdam, Agdas, Agstafa, Agsu, Astara, Babak, Balakan, Barda, Beylaqan, Bilasuvar, Cabrayil, Calilabad, Culfa, Daskasan, Fuzuli, Gadabay, Goranboy, Goycay, Goygol, Haciqabul, Imisli, Ismayilli, Kalbacar, Kangarli, Kurdamir, Lacin, Lankaran, Lerik, Masalli, Neftcala, Oguz, Ordubad, Qabala, Qax, Qazax, Qobustan, Quba, Qubadli, Qusar, Saatli, Sabirabad, Sabirabad, Sabirabad, Saki, Salyan, Samaxi, Samkir, Samux, Sarur, Siyazan, Susa, Tartar, Tovuz, Ucar, Xacmaz, Xizi, Xocali, Xocavand, Yardimli, Yevlax, Zangilan, Zaqatala, Zardab
(Baku, Ganca, Lankaran, Mingacevir, Naxcivan (Nakhichevan), Saki, Sirvan, Sumqayit, Xankandi, Yevlax)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 994 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m


Population: approx. 9.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 112

Life expectancy: 69 (male), 75 (female)

Official language: Azerbaijani


  • 93% Muslim
  • 2% Russian Orthodox
  • 2% Armenian Orthodox
  • 3% other


In the coastal areas there is a humid subtropical climate, with a daytime temperature in summer around 27 ° C. Occasional peak values ​​also reach 40 ° C.

Precipitation is particularly heavy and frequent in the southern coastal regions.

Towards the inland the climate changes into a semi-desert climate. Winters are very mild here and the summer months are hot and dry.

In the higher mountains of the Caucasus, on the other hand, it is quite cold. Temperatures around 6 ° C in summer below -4 ° C in winter are normal.


Currency / finance

Currency unit: Azerbaijan manat (AZN)

Classification: 1 manat = 100 Qəpik

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: These are rarely accepted by larger hotels and shops. Cash payments are common.

Regulations: The import and export of national currencies is prohibited.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. There is an obligation to declare. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.

It is recommended to carry the US dollar as a foreign currency. It is important to ensure that the notes are as new as possible.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 3 cartons of cigarettes
  • 3 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

All valuable objects and electrical devices should be declared upon entry in order to avoid problems with re-export.

The export of antiques (older than 40 years) and metal objects is prohibited.

Travel advice

Travel to the following parts of the country is not recommended:

  • there whole border region to Armenia
  • Nagorno-Karabakh conflict region
  • Agdam district
  • Fusuli district
  • Jabrayil district
  • Sangilan district
  • Kubadli district
  • Ladschin district
  • Kalbadschar district

There are some unmarked minefields. Occasionally there are also armed clashes with rebels.

The border between Armenia and Azerbaijan is closed.


There has been strong economic growth in recent years. In particular, the export of oil and natural gas has created many jobs and brings foreign currency into the country.

Corruption and nepotism are very widespread in Azerbaijan.

Industries: chemistry, oil and gas production, steel and iron processing, textiles

Natural resources: aluminum, iron ore, natural gas, petroleum

Land use:

  • Usable land: 18%
  • Grain cultivation: 5%
  • Pasture area: 25%
  • Forests: 11%
  • other: 41%


There are many large and flat plains (some at sea level) which are covered with grasses, shrubs and bushes. These are limited by the Caucasus Mountains in the north and the Karabakh highlands in the west.

Forests are mainly found in the higher regions. There are also wide grasslands there.


With more than 18,000 different animal species, many of them reptiles, rodents and insects, the biodiversity is very pronounced.

Like the flora, most animals are found in the higher regions. There are also many brown bears, chamois and golden eagles here.

The many sturgeons that live in the Caspian Sea are also well known. The export of caviar has long been a profitable business.

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