Azerbaijan Guide

Azerbaijan Guide

Country data

Location: Southwest Asia

Time zone: CET + 3

Total area: 86,600 km²

Land area: 82,629 km²

Water area: 3,971 km²

Length of the state border: 2,468 km

Bordering countries:
Armenia: 996 km
Georgia: 428 km
Iran: 689 km
Russian Federation: 338 km
Turkey: 17 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Baku

Regions: 66 (and 11 cities)
Abseron, Agcabadi, Agdam, Agdas, Agstafa, Agsu, Astara, Babak, Balakan, Barda, Beylaqan, Bilasuvar, Cabrayil, Calilabad, Culfa, Daskasan, Fuzuli, Gadabay, Goranboy, Goycay, Goygol, Haciqabul, Imisli, Ismayilli, Kalbacar, Kangarli, Kurdamir, Lacin, Lankaran, Lerik, Masalli, Neftcala, Oguz, Ordubad, Qabala, Qax, Qazax, Qobustan, Quba, Qubadli, Qusar, Saatli, Sabirabad, Sabirabad, Sabirabad, Saki, Salyan, Samaxi, Samkir, Samux, Sarur, Siyazan, Susa, Tartar, Tovuz, Ucar, Xacmaz, Xizi, Xocali, Xocavand, Yardimli, Yevlax, Zangilan, Zaqatala, Zardab
(Baku, Ganca, Lankaran, Mingacevir, Naxcivan (Nakhichevan), Saki, Sirvan, Sumqayit, Xankandi, Yevlax)

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 994 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m

Population

Population: approx. 9.7 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 112

Life expectancy: 69 (male), 75 (female)

Official language: Azerbaijani

Religions:

  • 93% Muslim
  • 2% Russian Orthodox
  • 2% Armenian Orthodox
  • 3% other

Climate

In the coastal areas there is a humid subtropical climate, with a daytime temperature in summer around 27 ° C. Occasional peak values ​​also reach 40 ° C.

Precipitation is particularly heavy and frequent in the southern coastal regions.

Towards the inland the climate changes into a semi-desert climate. Winters are very mild here and the summer months are hot and dry.

In the higher mountains of the Caucasus, on the other hand, it is quite cold. Temperatures around 6 ° C in summer below -4 ° C in winter are normal.

Azerbaijan

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Azerbaijan manat (AZN)

Classification: 1 manat = 100 Qəpik

ATMs: not available

International credit cards: These are rarely accepted by larger hotels and shops. Cash payments are common.

Regulations: The import and export of national currencies is prohibited.

There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. There is an obligation to declare. The export is permitted in the amount of the declared import.

It is recommended to carry the US dollar as a foreign currency. It is important to ensure that the notes are as new as possible.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 3 cartons of cigarettes
  • 3 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

All valuable objects and electrical devices should be declared upon entry in order to avoid problems with re-export.

The export of antiques (older than 40 years) and metal objects is prohibited.

Travel advice

Travel to the following parts of the country is not recommended:

  • there whole border region to Armenia
  • Nagorno-Karabakh conflict region
  • Agdam district
  • Fusuli district
  • Jabrayil district
  • Sangilan district
  • Kubadli district
  • Ladschin district
  • Kalbadschar district

There are some unmarked minefields. Occasionally there are also armed clashes with rebels.

The border between Armenia and Azerbaijan is closed.

Economy

There has been strong economic growth in recent years. In particular, the export of oil and natural gas has created many jobs and brings foreign currency into the country.

Corruption and nepotism are very widespread in Azerbaijan.

Industries: chemistry, oil and gas production, steel and iron processing, textiles

Natural resources: aluminum, iron ore, natural gas, petroleum

Land use:

  • Usable land: 18%
  • Grain cultivation: 5%
  • Pasture area: 25%
  • Forests: 11%
  • other: 41%

Plants

There are many large and flat plains (some at sea level) which are covered with grasses, shrubs and bushes. These are limited by the Caucasus Mountains in the north and the Karabakh highlands in the west.

Forests are mainly found in the higher regions. There are also wide grasslands there.

Animals

With more than 18,000 different animal species, many of them reptiles, rodents and insects, the biodiversity is very pronounced.

Like the flora, most animals are found in the higher regions. There are also many brown bears, chamois and golden eagles here.

The many sturgeons that live in the Caspian Sea are also well known. The export of caviar has long been a profitable business.

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