Armenia – country information
|Official name||Republic of Armenia|
|Foundation of a state||21/09/1991|
|The highest mountains||Aragac 4,090 m|
|Longest rivers||Aras 914 km (in the country 250 km)|
|The largest lakes||Sevan 1417 km 2|
|State system||a pluralist republic with a unicameral parliament|
|The biggest cities||Yerevan (capital) 1,325,000, Kumajri 165,000, Kirovakan 90,000|
|Ethnicity/National Composition||Armenians 94%, Azerbaijanis 1.5%, Kurds 1.5%, Russians 1%, others 2%|
|Religious affiliation||most believers belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church, Catholic and Muslim minorities|
|gross domestic product (GDP)||US$5,924 (2012)|
|Average life expectancy of the population||71.84 years (2006)|
|Structure of GDP||agriculture and fishing 18%, mining and industry 30%, construction 7%, services 45%|
Armenia – neighboring states
According to Abbreviationfinder, today’s Armenia is a small landlocked republic located in the mountains in the south of Transcaucasia. Its inhabitants are descendants of an ancient civilization in an area that was conquered by the Persians, Turks and Mongols in history. In the clash with the Turks, the Armenians were almost exterminated. It borders Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Iran and the Azerbaijani region of Nakhichevan to the south, and Turkey to the west. Armenia lays claim to the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, which lies on the territory of Azerbaijan and is inhabited by Armenians.
Location: Southwest Asia
Time zone: CET + 3
Total area: 29,743 km²
Land area: 28,203 km²
Water area: 1,540 km²
Length of the state border: 1,570 km
Georgia: 219 km
Iran: 44 km
Turkey: 311 km
Coastline: 0 km
Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkunik, Yerevan, Kotayk, Lorri, Shirak, Syunik, Tavush, Vayots Dzor
Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz
Telephone code: 00 374 (Source: Allcitycodes)
Highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat 4,090 m
Population: approx. 3.1 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)
Population growth: -0.1 per year
Population density (residents per km²): 104
Life expectancy: 71 (male), 78 (female)
Official language: Armenian
- 93% Orthodox
- 7% other
The continental climate offers cold winters and hot dry summers. The amount of precipitation is not very high and is evenly distributed throughout the year.
In valleys and flat plains, the daytime temperature rises to 40 ° C in summer. In contrast, the temperature in the mountains can drop to as low as -40 ° C in the winter months.
Currency / finance
Currency unit: Dram (AMD)
Classification: 1 dram = 100 luma
ATMs: Only occasionally available in larger cities.
International credit cards: Accepted in larger hotels and shops.
Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. The listing of foreign currencies is limited to the declared import.
All receipts when changing money should be retained.
It is recommended to use US dollars in small denominations as foreign currency, as these can be exchanged at almost all banks and exchange offices.
The following may be carried duty-free:
- 400 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500 g tobacco
- 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
- small amounts of perfume
(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)
Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.
You should have all valuable items (e.g. computers, cameras, jewelry, technical devices) entered on a corresponding declaration form upon entry in order to avoid problems with re-export.
Travel to the border areas with Azerbaijan should be avoided as armed clashes often occur there.
There is also a risk of minefields in the border regions.
Travel to the conflict region Nagorno-Karabakh is not recommended.
Since the beginning of 2016 there have been repeated reports of the appearance of flu viruses, especially of the H1N1 type (the so-called swine flu). You should have your flu vaccination checked and, if necessary, refreshed.
The economy suffered badly due to the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the economic blockade during the war with Azerbaijan. Armenia is very dependent on foreign aid.
Industries: clothing, chemistry, electrical industry, vehicle construction, tire manufacture
Natural resources: aluminum, gold, copper, zinc
- Land: 17%
- Grain cultivation: 3%
- Pasture area: 24%
- Forests: 15%
- other: 41%
Due to the small amount of rain that falls during the year, there is little vegetation. Mainly small shrubs and bushes grow. Many of these species are only found in Armenia.
There are also forests near lakes and rivers.
The animal world has adapted to the peculiarities of the Armenian climate.
There are brown bears, lizards, leopards, lynxes, jackals and various types of snakes.