Antigua and Barbuda Guide

Antigua and Barbuda Guide

Country data

Location: Caribbean

Time zone: CET – 5 (during summer time: CET – 6)

Total area: 442 km²

Land area: 442 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 0 km

Coastline: 153 km

Capital: Saint John’s

Parishes: 8
Barbuda, Redonda, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip

Electric current: 110/220 V / 60 Hz

Telephone code: 00 1268 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m

Population

Population: approx. 91,300 residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 1.2% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 207

Life expectancy: 74 (male), 78 (female)

Official language: English

Religions:

  • 76% Protestants
  • 10% Roman Catholic
  • 14% other

Climate

There is a tropical climate all year round, with a rainy season that lasts from mid-June to early November.

The average annual temperature is around 28 ° C, with only minor seasonal temperature fluctuations.

Isolated tropical cyclones occur in the months of July to October.

Antigua and Barbuda

Currency / finance

Currency unit: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Division: 1 dollar = 100 cents

ATMs: Available in St. Johns only.

International credit cards: These are accepted by many hotels and shops.

Regulations: Foreign and national currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. However, export is limited to the amount declared for import.

There is an obligation to declare when crossing the border.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 200 g tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

The penalties for possession and trafficking are very high.

The import and export of weapons and ammunition of all kinds is also prohibited.

Travel advice

Cyclone season is from June to November. Strong storms and rains as well as landslides must be expected.

In the Eastern Caribbean, isolated occurrences of robberies on ships located near the coast have been reported. Remember to protect yourself during the night and do not take unknown guests on board.

Economy

Tourism is the country’s main industry and brings in most of the foreign currency.

In agriculture, sugar cane is mainly grown for the production of rum and for export.

Industries: alcohol production, household goods, clothing, agriculture, tourism

Natural resources: fish

Land use:

  • Usable land: 18%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 9%
  • Forests: 11%
  • other: 62%

Plants

Various palm and fruit-bearing trees grow on the islands.

Large areas of forest were cleared in order to gain usable space for the cultivation of sugar cane and tobacco.

Animals

The animal world on land is very poor in species. There are only a few introduced farm animals.

In contrast, the bird world is more strongly represented. These are largely protected in the reserve set up for this purpose.

Life in the sea is particularly diverse. Different fish and coral species can still be explored around the islands.

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