Albania Guide

Albania Guide

According to Abbreviationfinder, Albania is a state in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Common borders in the northeast with Serbia, in the northwest with Montenegro, in the east with Macedonia, in the southeast with Greece. Capital of Tirana. – Albanian, Greek. Rkligiya – Orthodoxy, Catholicism.

The climate is Mediterranean, continental. The temperature in winter is -8*С, in summer +25*С.

Sunny days 280. High mountains, beautiful fabulous beaches (Shengjin, Velipoja), panoramic views, historical sights. Albania is suitable for all types of tourism. The cheapest and most fun vacation can only be found in Albania.

Resorts and attractions of Albania

In the heart of the Mediterranean, on the shores of the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, lies a country that is slowly emerging from years of isolation. Albania, still untouched by globalization, is a country of mountain eagles, which is quickly winning the hearts of tourists from all over the world. Here you will see an impressive combination of different civilizations and cultures, which makes this region unique.

Surely, for a Russian tourist, a trip to Albania seems to be a kind of extreme, which is why so few of our compatriots choose this country for their holidays.

Now Albania is developing intensively expanding its tourism industry. This is an extremely unusual and contrasting country, where interesting people live, carriers of their individual culture. The country is rich in numerous cultural monuments and parks.

The capital of Albania – Tirana is the financial center of the country. The external appearance of the capital does not shine with bright colors, these are mostly low monolithic buildings. On the territory of the capital there are historical buildings of the 15th century. The population of the capital is about 900 thousand people, the population of the whole country is about 3.5 million people.

Educated back in prehistoric times, Butrint was a Greek colony, a Roman city and the seat of a bishopric. After a period of splendor under Byzantine rule and after a short occupation by Venice in the late Middle Ages, the city was abandoned by the inhabitants due to the increase in the area of ​​local marshes. Today the ruins of Butrint are of great interest to travelers.

Interesting facts about Albania

The oldest university in Albania, the University of Tirana, was founded in 1957.

Albania, with the exception of the coastal plains, is a mountainous country. The North Albanian Alps are the most inaccessible regions of the country and Europe in general. They are called cursed mountains in Albania.

Country data

Location: Southeast Europe

Time zone: CET

Total area: 28,748 km²

Land area: 27,398 km²

Water area: 1,350 km²

Length of the state border: 691 km

Bordering countries:
Greece: 212 km
Kosovo: 112 km
Macedonia: 181 km
Montenegro: 186 km

Capital: Tirana

Districts: 12
Berat, Diber, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Gjirokaster, Korce, Kukes, Lezhe, Shkoder, Tirane, Vlore

Electric current: 220 V / 50 Hz

Telephone code: 00 355 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m


Population: approx. 3 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 0.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 104

Life expectancy: 75 (male), 81 (female)

Official language: Albanian


  • 57% Muslim
  • 10% Roman Catholic
  • 7% Albanian Orthodox
  • 26% other


Albania has a temperate Mediterranean climate, with rainfall mainly in the winter half-year from November to February.

The average temperature in January is 7 ° C and in July 25 ° C. However, the daytime temperature can rise to 40 ° C in summer.


In the higher mountains, the temperatures fluctuate greatly between day and night.

Currency / finance

Currency unit: Lek (ALL)

Classification: 1 Lek = 100 Qindarka

ATMs: only in the larger cities.

International credit cards: Only a few larger shops and hotels accept them.

Regulations: There is no limit to the amount of foreign currencies that can be imported. There is an obligation to declare. The export is limited to the amount declared upon entry. The import and export of the local currency is prohibited.

It is recommended to carry euros or US dollars in small denominations as foreign currencies, as these are most commonly accepted alongside the local currency.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco
  • 1 liter of alcoholic beverages
  • small amounts of perfume

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

All technical and valuable items must be declared upon entry and exit.

It is forbidden to bring narcotics, drugs, weapons, erotic literature, antiques and precious metals.

Travel advice

The general condition of many roads in Albania is poor. Especially outside of the big cities, you should only drive very carefully.


Although Albania is rich in natural resources, it is one of the poorest countries in Europe.

After years of isolation, it tries to eliminate the catastrophic economic situation of recent years.

The existing raw materials in the country are hardly extracted, as the infrastructure is very poorly developed, especially in rural areas.

Industries: chemistry, food production, oil, textiles, hydropower, cement

Natural resources: chrome, gypsum, natural gas, wood, limestone, coal, copper, nickel

Land use:

  • Usable land: 21%
  • Grain cultivation: 5%
  • Pasture area: 15%
  • Forests: 38%
  • other: 21%


Over a third of the country is made up of forests. Beech, oak, pine, fir and elm trees are the most common. Many palm trees, oranges and lemon trees also grow on the coastal areas

From an altitude of about 2,000 meters, the forests merge into grasslands, which are home to many different types of shrubs.

With more than 3,000 different plant species, Albania has a very high biodiversity, but it is threatened in many regions by severe environmental pollution. Soils and bodies of water are exposed to heavy loads, especially in densely populated centers.


In the higher mountain regions in particular, the diversity of animal species (e.g. bears, deer, wolves, wild goats and wild boars) is still very pronounced, as there is little human settlement.

Also represented is the golden eagle, the country’s heraldic animal.

The areas on the coasts and lakes are intermediate stations for a large number of migratory birds that regularly cross the country.

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