Afghanistan Guide

Afghanistan Guide

Country data

Location: South Asia

Time zone: CET + 3.5 (during summer time: CET + 2.5)

Total area: 652,230 km²

Land area: 652,230 km²

Water area: 0 km²

Length of the state border: 5,987 km

Bordering countries:
China: 91 km
Iran: 921 km
Pakistan: 2,670 km
Tajikistan: 1,357 km
Turkmenistan: 804 km
Uzbekistan: 144 km

Coastline: 0 km

Capital: Kabul

Provinces: 34
Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Daykundi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghor, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabul, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khost, Kunar, Kunduz, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Nuristan, Paktika, Paktiya, Panjshir, Parwan, Samangan, Sar-e Pul, Takhar, Uruzgan, Wardak, Zabul

Telephone code: 00 93 (Source: Allcitycodes)

Highest point: Noshak 7,485 m


Population: approx. 31.8 million residents (Countryaah, 2021)

Population growth: 2.3% per year

Population density (residents per km²): 49

Life expectancy: 49 (male), 52 (female)

Official language: Afghan / Persian 65%, Pashtu 35%


  • 80% Sunni Muslims
  • 19% Shia Muslims
  • 1% other


Nationwide there is a desert and steppe climate, with hardly any precipitation.

Temperatures fluctuate between 5 – 10 ° C in winter and around 30 ° C in summer (on the flat plains).

At altitudes over 2,500 meters, there is a wintry climate almost all year round.



Currency / finance

Currency unit: Afghani (AFN)

Classification: 1 Afghani = 100 pulse

ATMs: Only a few in the big cities.

International credit cards: These are not accepted.

Regulations: Foreign currencies can be imported and exported in unlimited amounts. The national currency can be carried up to an amount of 2,000 Afghani.

Customs regulations

The following may be carried duty-free:

  • Cigarettes, cigars or tobacco in small quantities
  • small amounts of alcohol

(Information applies to people aged 18 and over)

Tourists and people in transit can bring items of personal use with them duty-free.

All goods and items that are required during a stay should be carried with you on entry, as there is hardly anything to buy due to the poor economic situation.

Food can be carried in closed containers (cans, bottles) up to 10 kg per person.

Travel advice

Warning against traveling to Afghanistan!

There was an attack on the German consulate general in Mazar-e Sharif on November 10, 2016. The Consulate General is currently unavailable.

There is a very high risk of armed violence across the country at any time. Terrorist attacks take place across the country every day.

Even the presence of the international protection force does not offer foreigners any protection.

Even simple medical care is not guaranteed, especially outside the capital, Kabul.

There is a visa requirement to enter Afghanistan. This must be applied for and approved by an Afghan diplomatic mission abroad before the start of the journey.


Afghanistan is by far the largest drug-growing country in the world. Around 75 percent of global heroin production comes from there.

Large parts of the economy have been destroyed by the years of war. The standard of living is among the lowest in the world. Around every third resident is unemployed.

Industries: fertilizer, natural gas, coal mining, carpet production, textiles, cement

Natural resources: iron, natural gas, coal, copper, salt, sulfur, talc, zinc

Land use:

  • Usable land: 12%
  • Grain cultivation: 0%
  • Pasture area: 46%
  • Forests: 3%
  • other: 39%


Due to the unfavorable climatic conditions and the constant lack of moisture, the vegetation in the entire country is only very poorly developed.

Dry grass and steppe landscapes determine the landscape everywhere. Only along rivers are there small forests, mostly made up of tamarisk, poplar and willow.


A specialty in the animal world is the Marco Polo sheep, which can be found in northern Afghanistan.

A few years ago the Kaspi tiger was also native to this region. However, this has since been eradicated.

Gazelles, hyenas and jackals are most common in the country’s steppes. Mountain goats and snow leopards are native to the higher mountain regions.

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